Introduction: This is the beginning of a new course concerning Christian Apologetics.
We are going to repeat certain theories as we go through this course for a couple of reasons, first we remember through repetition, and secondly, we do not want to lose our focus by drifting away from these basis scientific principles and laws as we go through the various lessons, in other words our focus is in two directions, these basic laws, and the subject at hand. There is a third goal, as we present our defense of Christianity we must be able to fall back on these scientific principles as a foundation for our arguments, and we can only do that by repetition, at least for most of us.
You must also remember that everyone, evolutionist, and creationist alike are looking at the same evidence, the difference is in the interpretation. You will find in many of the arguments, if the evolutionists would merely “do the math” they would change their position quickly, providing they are honest people. You have a segment of people who truly want to pervert the word of God, and you know who their god is.
If you have arguments, or comments please use the material provided to make those arguments, comments or questions. Time simply doesn’t allow for us to get into discussions during class time. I will try to respond at the beginning of future classes.
Most likely no one in this room is a trained scientist and it would be difficult to debate someone who is without a basic understanding of these laws and principles, and in addition knowing them will give us the confidence to debate anyone.
Let’s start by defining the word apology. In the American sense:
a·pol·o·gy … əˈpäləjē noun 1. a regretful acknowledgment of an offense or failure.
And from the Greek:
This meaning comes directly from the Greek apologia, a derivative of a word meaning “to speak in one’s defense
The word Apologia is found in 1 Peter 3:15 in which this entire program is named for… The 1 Peter 3:15 Project. Apologia is a Greek word for defense, a legal or logical defense, such as a lawyer does in a criminal case for a defendant.
Apologetics can be very helpful when evangelizing because it gives you neutral ground as a starting place for a conversation with a non-believer. And as we go through this course we want to change the concept of opponent to opportunity, and the word debate or argument to evangelizing; in other words, we are going to use logic to sway a nonbeliever towards becoming a believer.
You are preparing their minds to receive the truth of the gospel.
Remember this as we continue through the course; true science is facts that have been substantiated by observation, or reproduction with corresponding results to that being tested.
The following is a list of the principles and laws we must follow to establish our evidences for a young earth.
Science = knowledge
Scientific method – Method of research with defined steps that include experiments and careful observation. And, –Tests the hypothesis
Hypothesis – suggested explanation for an event, which can be tested.
Scientific Theory= A scientific theory is a generally accepted, thoroughly tested and confirmed explanation for a set of observations or phenomena.
Laws = concise descriptions of parts of the world that are agreeable to formulaic or mathematical description.
Again, first scientific theory to explain something that exists, Scientific method, is the way we test the theory that leads to Hypotheses, or tentative explanations and when all testing confirms the theory you have becomes scientific law… 2 + 2 = 4 is a mathematical fact, and a scientific fact and therefore a “law”.
Anthropic principle: The earth was designed for biological life, Scientists have discovered that the most fundamental characteristics of our earth and cosmos are so finely tuned that if just one of them were even slightly different, life as we know it couldn’t exist, and it agrees with the Bible which states that God formed the earth to be inhabited (Isaiah 45:18).
1st law of Thermal dynamics: The law of conservation of energy states that the total energy of an isolated system is constant; energy can be transformed from one form to another, but can be neither created nor destroyed.
2nd law of Thermal dynamics says, in simple terms, entropy (Entropy is the general trend of the universe toward death and disorder…) always increases. This principle explains, for example, why you can’t unscramble an egg. In other words, it is dying…
Uniformitarianism is the assumption that the same natural laws and processes that operate in the universe now, have always operated in the universe in the past and apply everywhere in the universe.
So True Science comes within all these Boundaries…. Apologetics is a defense that God exists proven by scientific principles and laws:
The earth is finely tuned, yet running down, and there is only a certain amount of energy that exists even though it may be changed from one for to another, for instance when gas is burned it is turned into carbon dioxide, Creation fulfills these laws and principles according to correct scientific procedure.
Finally, we find modern science confirms scripture.
You do not have hit your “opportunity” over the head with scripture but offer sound evidence that a creator exists, without them having a fear of committing intellectual suicide by accepting the truth of scripture, and by being able to show evolution is impossible gives even more power to your evangelistic effort.
Apologetics will also increase your own faith, giving it a three-dimensional faith, not only from personal conviction of scripture, but also from an intellectual view, so during those moments of self-doubt you can fall back on the knowledge you have from the overwhelming evidence supporting our faith from a historically reliable sense or position.
Let’s make a couple of more statements:
- There are only two options for the existence of life,
- This is a faith based course intent on offering the evidence that points to Creation.
- You do not have to be a mathematician, or physicist to have common sense.
- Often those educated people who are pushing atheism and evolution are confused from “over education”; as Uncle Toots used to say educated beyond their intelligence
- Mostly they have been taught falsehoods being passed off as truth. Such as the theory of evolution being passed off as true science rather than a theory that has remained a theory for over 150 years without any true evidence of being factual.
- Their understanding is based upon the incorrectness and the errors of those who went before them.
- Many are totally convinced that evolution is the correct answer no matter how much information you give them.
- However, there are many physicists and scientists, and Mathematicians that do not agree with evolution, but insist and give evidence the only answer can be and must be attributed to a Great Creator.
- Who is behind this deception?
To Demonstrate mathematical evidence of a creator
In 2014 the MIT physicist Max Tegmark a believer in evolution, not creation argues in “Our Mathematical Universe” that mathematics is the fundamental world reality that drives the universe. It could be said that mathematics is operating in a god-like fashion. However, Tegmark and others believe this perfectly mathematically ordered universe came from chaos billions of years ago, and not from an intricate planning Creator.
So, can we prove the earth is young, or at least give overwhelming evidence? Can we put evolution on trial? Can we present the evidence of a young earth in such a way that only those who insist on believing in evolution will do so?
The reason for this is I am a firm believer that as we attempt to prove there is an absolute truth, we can turn to mathematics, and math simply doesn’t lie. Let me qualify that, mathematics in a simple form, used honestly is a form of absolute truth.
There can only be one absolute truth concerning any subject, two conflicting views cannot both be absolutely true.
It is mathematics that makes space travel possible, it is mathematics that is behind computer science. Consider this truth; it is the arrangements of “one’s and “zeros” that are the basis for computer languages. It’s just that simple, two numbers to create the greatest calculator in history.
Without math being an exact science, space travel and most modern technology would be impossible, and taking that a step further, we couldn’t even purchase accurately sized clothing or shoes.
The theory of evolution proposes that all the highly structured systems of the universe just happened through a series of evolutionary accidents, all by chance starting with a big explosion billions of years ago. I would ask, did the big explosion also create facts such as mathematics? Seems like a silly question doesn’t it, but the truth is mathematics would have to have existed before the big bang, pointing to a creator.
The universe is perceived as self-contained and self-evolving.
Diametrically opposed to this philosophy, Biblical creationism maintains that the innumerable, highly complex systems and intricate structures of the universe offer exceptionally strong evidence of an omniscient Creator. It is the creationist’s view that the astounding degree of complexity and order found throughout the universe could never be produced by mere chance but rather represents the handiwork of an Almighty God.
In a nutshell, the evolutionist would have us believe this incredibly ordered universe just happened by a great explosion. It doesn’t take a lot of sense to know that a great explosion destroys, not creates, so in step one, we start realizing that it takes a lot of faith to believe in evolution.
In fact, the order, especially the intricate and irrefutable reliability and truth of mathematics points out that it’s truth proves that some things are impossible, such as 2 + 2 equaling 3. I was in the class of 65 North Hi School in Wichita Kansas, and in that year a song was released by Barbara Lewis – Baby I’m Yours and one of the lyrics in the song is
“And I’ll be yours until two and two is three, Yours until the mountain crumbles to the sea”
Because of the impossibility of that ever happening, it is a known fact, math is an absolute truth, 2 + 2 will always be 4 and that song will always be a great one…
Okay, lets step to the side for a moment, just because I love things like this, when I googled 2 +2 =3 to find the information on that song, one of the options that came up was 2 Thessalonians 2:3 which reads: “Don’t let anyone deceive you in any way, for that day will not come until the rebellion occurs and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the man doomed to destruction”.
You think maybe God was trying to tell us something?
The man is doomed through the boom?
Well one of the ways they are trying to deceive us is with the big boom theory.
Lighting a stick of dynamite in a shed, blowing it up, and it reassembles itself into a skyscraper is impossible, but that is exactly what the big bang theory expects us to believe. Simply put, it is witness against itself, professing to be the mathematical geniuses they would have us believe, and then asking us to believe the mathematically (mathematics = order) impossible (mathematics does not equal order).
Let’s take another view, the Bible States that God created the heavens and the earth in one day, which perfectly describes the big bang theory, except it was a controlled big bang, that did come together perfectly because God was and is in control, and agrees with the fact that something, such as mathematical order, existed before the big boom, in other words, it came from something that existed previously, and it was planned to perfection, and executed to perfection, and as we look at the earth and cosmos we can see the mathematics behind that perfection.
If you stop and think about it, the idea that an unordered, unplanned, out of control explosion created the mathematically perfect universe is the ultimate insult to our intelligence.
So let’s have some fun with mathematics.
Have any of you tried your hand at gambling? Well, if you have you know if you place a bet on any certain outcome that only has a 1 in 10 chance of coming up you will probably go home broke… yet, mathematicians will tell you there is a chance you might win, in fact it is only until you reach the odds of 1 to 1 with 50 zeros following it that you reach the point of impossibility so as we move forward keep that in mind just one number less than 1/100,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 and you could WIN!!!
Let’s start with the likelihood of the chance of evolution of life utilizing the basic principles of mathematical probability.
For example, the probability of getting hit by lightning is about 1 in 600,000 (fortunately). The probability of winning a lottery grand prize with a single ticket is about 1 in 5.2 million (unfortunately).
First example: evolutionist way of thinking is that if a monkey was set in front of a typewriter, long enough he would eventually type, by pure chance, a perfect unabridged dictionary. Of course, this idea is completely ridiculous, in fact total nonsense, however let’s illustrate this. It is calculated that the probability of a monkey arranging the word evolution by randomly selecting letters from the alphabet is only 1 chance in 26 to the ninth power, in other words, 1 chance in 5,429,503,679,000.
The odds of this monkey writing the first verse of the bible by accident is 1 in 1.81479,392 X 10 to the 62nd power; in plain language 1 chance in 181, 497,392 with 54 zeros past it (way way past possibility remember the odds above 1/1 to the 50th power is the limit of possibility).
Let’s take this science of probability a step further. Consider the chance of accidental development of a very simple system composed of only 200 integrated parts (simple compared with living systems) the probability of forming such an ordered system is 1 in 200 factorial, or 1 chance in 788,657,867,364,790,503,552,363,213,932,185,062,295,138,977,687,263,294,742,533,244,359,449,963,403,342,920,304,284,011,984,623,904,177,212,138,919,638,830,257,642,790,242,637,105,061,926,624,952,829,931,113,462,857,270,763,317,237,396,988,943,922,445,621,451,664,240,254,033,291,864,131,227,428,294,853,277,524,242,407,573,903,240,321,257,405,579,568,660,226,031,904,170,324,062,351,700,858,796,178,922,222,789,623,703,897,374,720,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000
This colossal number can be written more simply as 1 chance out of 10 to the 375th power of selecting the proper arrangement for a 200-part integrated system on the first trial.
But what if we keep on trying different combinations over and over again? Won’t we eventually achieve the desired result?
Well, to begin with, there are only 10 to the 80th power electrons in the known universe. Assuming this to be the maximum number of parts available to work with, without attempting to go through a lot of numbers here (as if we haven’t already done that) let me put it in a way that we can understand the impossibility of this ever happening.
If we could try various combinations attempting to get the right number for this 200-part integrated system at 1 billion per second, in other words, every second of the day we could try one billion combinations of the parts how many hours do you think it would take to come up with the right combination?
If we take that number and give scientists 30 billion years (the age some scientists say is the age of the earth) , attempting to randomly come up with this number at the rate of 1 billion per second, we would still be far short of enough time for the odds to come through.
Now the scientists might argue, that one part was built upon another part, in other words, evolved, however that makes the numbers even worse. The numbers of probability actually increases, and in short, makes this whole process mathematically impossible. We’re back trying to get a nickel out of our 2 + 2 pennies.
Let’s add to their problems, a 200-part system is a ridiculously primitive element compared with living systems. Modern research by NASA has demonstrated that the most basic type of protein molecule that could be classified living is composed of at least 400 linked amino acids. Each amino acid, in turn, is made up of a specific arrangement of four or five chemical elements, and each chemical element is itself a unique combination of protons, neutrons and electrons. Golay has demonstrated that the chance formation of even the simplest replicating protein molecule is 1 in 10 to the 450th power.
Wysong has calculated the probability of forming the proteins and DNA for the smallest self-replicating entity to be 1 in 10 to the 167,626 power, even when granting astronomically generous amounts of time and mixtures, who can imagine what the chance formation of a more complex structure or organ such as the cerebral cortex in the human brain would be? It contains over 10,000,000,000 (ten thousand million, 10 billion) cells each of which is carefully arranged according to a specific design, and each of which is fantastically complex in itself!
Schutzenberger of the University of Paris at a conference on “Mathematical Challenges to the Neo-Darwinian Interpretation of Evolution, “concluded that the probability of evolution by mutation and natural selection is inconceivable.
“We believe that it is not conceivable. In fact, if we try to simulate such a situation by making changes randomly at the typographic level…on computer programs we find that we have no chance. (i.e. less than 1/10 to the 1,000 power) even to see what the modified program would compute; it just jams”
(Schutzenberger, algorithms (procedures) and the Neo-Darwinian Theory of Evolution, in mathematical challenges to the Neo-Darwinian Interpretation of Evolution.)
Okay guys, I don’t really even need a closing statement, the facts are clear. We serve an awesome God. He created everything in such a complex manner that humans can’t even count high enough to consider the odds, computers can’t count high enough. We were barely able to compute the odds against a simple 200-part organism developing by chance and found it was totally impossible.
God created everything in such a way for modern man. He knew the levels of education mankind would aspire to. He knew earlier generations would live by faith, as we do, but we need to be able to give a logical defense for our beliefs according to 1 Peter 3:15. When we can do this in such an irrefutable way, by proving mathematically all we have looked at had to be creation, it had to come from a higher power than we can even imagine.
We have only touched the surface of proof; we have some exciting studies ahead of us.
This lesson comes from the book titled “Collapse of Evolution” by Scott M. Huse.
(and by the way the human body is made up of 7,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 (7 octillion) atoms, which make up 37.2 trillion cells in your body, According to an estimate made by engineers at Washington University, there are around 10 to the 14 power atoms in a typical human cell. Another way of looking at it is that this is 100,000,000,000,000 or 100 trillion
Interestingly, the number of cells in the human body is estimated to be about the same as the number of atoms in a human cell. )
It would take 31,709.79 years to count to 1 trillion, so to count to 100 trillion it would take 3,170,900 years (app) that is to just count to that number, now think of the number of years it would take trying to make that right combination at 1 billion attempts per second for a human body to accidently, or through evolution to develop.
There are 24 hours in a day so you would count 24X60x60 = 86,400 in one day. There are 365 days in a year so you would count 24X60x60x365 = 31,536,000 in one year. To find how long it would take to count to a trillion divide 1 trillion by 31,536,000. That is 1,000,000,000,000/31,536,000 = 31,709.79 years @ one billion attempts per second.
So we have moved from a 200-part integrated system to a 100 trillion part system… so I would venture to say that we have moved into the twilight zone if we believe these numbers could happen by chance.
- Quiz: What is the American definition of Apology? ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
- What is the Greek definition as used in 1 Peter 3:15 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
- What is the foundation of Science? _________________________________________________
- What is Scientific method? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
- What is the one word definition of Science ? __________________________________________
- Describe the Scientific method ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
- What is a Hypothesis ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
- Describe Scientific Theory ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
- What are scientific Laws ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
- What does scientific theory explain? ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
- Give a simple explanation of the Anthropic principle ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
- What is the 1st law of Thermal dynamics ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
- What is the 2nd law of Thermal dynamics ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
- Explain Uniformitarianism ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
- What are the only two explanations of the existence of our universe?
- What is the one absolute truth we can rely on outside of the Bible?
- What are the odds that mathematicians (depending on the one you’re talking to) claim are the limit to possibility, in other words you have reached impossibility?
- What are the odds of accidental development of a very simple system composed of only 200 integrated parts?
- If we could try various combinations attempting to get the right number for this 200-part integrated system at 1 billion per second, how long would it take to come up with the right combination?
- What does the term Apologetics refer to?
- What Bible Verse uses this word and how is it pronounced in the Greek?
- Give one reason why Apologetics can help you evangelize a non-believer.