A study of salvation by Michael Harley


by inmate:

Michael Harley

John 4:22 You worship what you do not know; we worship what we do know, for salvation is from the Jews.

In the preceding reference “salvation” is clearly stated to be “of the Jews.” This the nation which brought forth the Savior. And, this is the one whom the nation of Israel would bring forth and slay. Christ was the Paschal Lamb, the paschal lamb was given to Israel (Ex 22:1) and only Israel could slay the paschal lamb.[i]

“Salvation” in not only “of the Jews,
but “Neither is there salvation in any other [a reference to the One Whom Israel brought forth] (John 4:22; Acts 4:12[ii]) – inseparable references to both of God’s two firstborn sons – Israel & Christ.

To separate God’s two firstborn Sons in Biblical studies (EX 4:22, 23[iii]; Hebrews 1:6[iv]) dealing with one apart from the other is simply not possible. This is one reason that the same Scriptures are, at times used of both. (e.g., Hos. 11:1; Jonah 1:17 [cf Matt. 2:15; 12:38 – 40])

Now, note something: According to Romans Chapter 11 [v], Gentiles, who do not have a God (Eph. 2:11 – 13[vi]), have been grafted into the only nation with a God (through being “in Christ,” a Jewish Savior [vs.24[vii]], the nation which brought forth the savior, the only nation which could do so, for “Salvation is of the Jews.”

A quite- popular, erroneous teaching in Christendom today – the taking that the church has supplanted Israel in God’s plans and purposes, with God being through with Israel.

If something such as the preceding has occurred, after any fashion, then Christians can forget about everything, including their very salvation.

God’s work through One Son is not seen, it cannot exist, apart from the other Son. Apart from a connection with both Sons – a Jewish Savior, brought forth by a Jewish nation, with Christians seen grafted into a Jewish trunk- there can be no salvation, or anything else, aside from eternal ruin and damnation [Rom.11:1 – 26]

“Israel” is the only nation on the face of the earth with a God, all of the other nations areas described in Eph. 2:11 – 13 [see footnote “vii” ] [without a God (c.f. Ps 96:5[viii])], and the nations ae left with only one choice if they would have any connection with or access to God. They must go to the one nation with a God, to a Jewish Savior Who is God. There is no alternative.


The word “atonement[ix]” (heb. Kaphar) means “to cover.” This is the word used throughout the old Testament relative to the blood of animal sacrifices providing a covering for sins [e.g., lev. 16:6,10,11, 16-18, 20 ….[x]]The blood of animal sacrifices could not do away with sins. It could only cover sins. This is why Hebrews 10:4 states: “For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and goats could take away sins.”

Thus, there were continual sacrifices throughout the Old Testament, year after year; and blood from these continual sacrifices provided a covering for sins.

This can easily be seen through activates on the day of atonement when the high priest placed blood on the mercy seat. God dwelt in the Holy of Holies, above the mercy seat, between the cherubim’s on each end of the mercy seat. (Ex 25:21, 21[xi])

The two tablets of stone, containing the broken law, were in the Ark below the mercy seat (EX 40:20; c.f. Ex. 31:18; Hebrews 9:4); and, with blood on the mercy seat, when God looked toward the broken law, He saw a blood covering, not the broken law. The blood could not do away with the Israelites’ sins, but I could, and did, cover them.

The shed blood of Christ through is another matter. It does not cover sins, rather, it does away with sins.

The world used in connection with Christ’s shed blood is not a Greek equivalent of the Hebrew word Kaphar, Instead, the Greek word Katallasso, translated “reconciliation, ‘is used (cf. Romans 5:10, 11, II Corinthians 5:18-21)

Katallasso means, “to change,” “to bring back into harmony.” There is not even the slightest thought of forming a covering. Rather, the thought with refence to sin has to do with bringing back into harmony through doing away with sin, leaving nothing to cover.

This is why the writer of Hebrews drew a sharp contrast between the blood of animals and the blood of Christ in this respect (chs. 7 -10) And this is also why he used the sxpression, “put away sin,  with reference to Christ’s sacrifice (9:26; ef. 10:1, 12)


With these thoughts in mind, what was the difference between God viewing the shed blood of animal sacrifices or viewing the shed blood of His Son insofar as not seeing man’s sins was concerned?

There wasn’t any difference. There couldn’t be.

God didn’t see man’s sins in either instance. In the former, man’s sins were covered; God saw only the blood which covered them. In the latter, man’s sins were done away with; God saw only the blood that did away with them.

God looked upon the blood in both instances – the only thing which could cover or do away with sins. That’s why there can be no remission for sins apart from the shedding of blood. And this is also why to talk about salvation in either the Old or New Testament apart from the shedding of blood is utter nonsense.

God’s requirement for and recognition of a substitutionary atonement began at the time of Adam’s sin and can be seen throughout the Old Testament, with all the sacrifices pointing to and typifying Christ’s sacrifice. And this can perhaps best be seen and illustrated through viewing the death of the paschal lambs in Exodus, chapter twelve.

Insofar as the death of the first born and God’s corresponding satisfaction are concerned, note that there is no difference between Jews applying the blood of the paschal lambs ( by faith) to the door posts and lintel during Moses’s day and Christians applying the blood of the Passover Lamb, by faith, today. In both instances God is seen recognizing a vicarious death of the firstborn and in both instances, God’s satisfaction can be seen. The statement, “… when I see the blood, I will pass over you… (ex. 12:13), is equally true in both instances, in both type and antitype.

And also note that God would have had to look upon the shed blood of the paschal lambs exactly the same way throughout the fourteen centuries (thirty-five generations) from Moses to Christ- …. when I see the blood, I will pass over you…God looked for the blood. That was the one criterion, the only criterion.

God could only have recognized an individual, vicarious death in each generation exactly the same way; and since the generation living when Christ was upon earth was still slaying the paschal lambs year after year, God could only have still been recognizing an individual, vicarious death and been satisfied. God looked for the blood. That was the one criterion during Moses day, and that could only have remained the one criterion throughout the fourteen centuries from Moses to Christ…. Thus….

Contrary to common belief, Christ didn’t come to a lost generation of Jews – no more so than if He had appeared to any other generation extending all the way back to Moses. The paschal lambs were still being slain year after year, with the blood being properly applied; and God could only have still looked at the blood (which covered sin) the same way that He had always looked at it.


Individuals often have a difficult time conceiving that either a Pharisee or a Sadducee could have already been saved at the time Christ was on earth with His offer of the Kingdom of the heavens to Israel, or afterwards during the time covered by the Book of Acts. When the kingdom of the heavens was re-offered to Israel. But this is invariably done based on either the actions or the various beliefs of the Pharisees or the Sadducees.

And to look upon the matter after this fashion prevents a completely fallacious basis for any Scriptural teaching concerning salvation. The only proper basis for viewing the status of one’s salvation is to look at things the same way God looks at them.

God looks at matters surrounding one’s salvation with respect o one thing. God looks at the death of the firstborn; and God, because of a sacrifice and shed blood, recognizes a vicarious death, through which He is satisfied.

God doesn’t look for what man seems to want to see in a person at all. Rather, God looks for shed blood, setting forth a substitutionary death. This is the only thing which will result in His satisfaction.

God doesn’t look for what man seems to want to see in a person at all. Rather, God looks for shed blood, setting forth a substitutionary death. This is the only thing which will result in His satisfaction.

Note something, and note it well; at the institution of the Passover during Moses’s day, when the Lord passed through the land of Egypt, He looked for one thing. He looked for the blood of a slain lamb, which had been properly applied.

The Lord didn’t look inside the homes of the Israelites to see what the people had done, were doing. Or planned to do (which He, in His omniscience, knew). Nor did He look inside those homes to see what the Jewish people individually believed about various things – such as what the Sadducees later believed about the resurrection, angels, or spirit realities (which He, in His omniscience, also knew). None of this had anything to do with the matte rat hand. The one and only criterion was what they believed, and had done, about the slaying and application of the blood of the paschal lambs. Nothing else entered the picture. It was as stated in EX. 12:13,… when I see the blood, I will pass over you…

And, exactly the same situation existed when Christ was upon earth 2,000 years ago. The paschal lambs were still being slain, he blood was still being applied, God was still recognizing a vicarious death of the firstborn, and God was still just as satisfied as he had been at any other time in Jewish history, dating all the way back to the institution of the Passover during the days of Moses (or pertaining to sacrifices and God’s satisfaction – at any other time in man’s history throughout the 2,500 years preceding Moses, going all the way back to the slaying of animals in Eden).

It is as equally out of line with Scripture to look upon a Pharisee or a Sadducee during the time Christ was upon earth (who had availed himself of the blood of a paschal lamb) as unsaved because of His actions or certain beliefs as it is to look upon an individual today (who has availed himself of the blood of the Passover Lamb) as unsaved because of his actions or certain beliefs.

And, herein is the heart of where so much false teaching relative to salvation lies today. Man, wants to add something to that which god has unchangeably established; man wants to se something beyond the appropriation of the blood.

But God has one statement concerning the matter, and that one statement concerns the blood of slain paschal lambs in the type and the blood of the slain Pascal Lamb is the antitype: when I see the blood, I will pass over you… [nothing else, nothing more, nothing less], I will Passover you”

That’s the way it has been since God slew innocent animals in Eden, that’s the way it has remained for the past 6,000 years, that’s the way it continues to remain today, and that’s the way it will continue to remain throughout the endless ages which lie ahead.

“Happy are you, O Israel! Who is like you, a people SAVED by the Lord” (Deut 33:29).

O God of Israel, the Savior!… Israel shall be SAVED by the Lord with an EVERLASTING SALVATION ; you shall not be ashamed or disgraced FOREVER AND EVER”  (Isa 45: 15 – 17).

“For I am the LORD your God, the Holy One of Israel, your SAVIOR (Hos 13:4).

“to the law and to the testimony! If they do not speak according to this word, it is because there is no light in them (Isa 8:20).






[i] Exodus 12:1-14New King James Version (NKJV)

The Passover Instituted

12 Now the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2 “This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3 Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying: ‘On the tenth of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household.

The Passover sacrifice (Hebrew: Korban Pesakh קרבן פסח‎), also known as the “sacrifice of Passover”, the Paschal Lamb, or the Passover Lamb, is the sacrifice that the Torah mandates Jews and Samaritans to ritually slaughter on the eve of Passover, and eat on the first night of the holiday with bitter herbs and matzo. According to the Torah, it was first offered on the night of the Israelites’ Exodus from Egypt. Although practiced by Jews in ancient times, the ritual is today only practiced by Samaritans at Mount Gerizim.

[ii] Acts 4:12 Nor is there salvation in any other, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved.”(NKJV)

[iii] Exodus 4:22-23…22 Then you shall say to Pharaoh, ‘Thus says the Lord: “Israel is My son, My firstborn. 23 So I say to you, let My son go that he may serve Me. But if you refuse to let him go, indeed I will kill your son, your firstborn.”’”(NKJV)

[iv] Hebrews 1:6 (NKJV)6 But when He again brings the firstborn into the world, He says:

“Let all the angels of God worship Him.”

[Hebrews 1:6 Deuteronomy 32:43 (Septuagint, Dead Sea Scrolls); Psalm 97:7]

[v] Israel’s Rejection Not Final

Romans 11: 11 I say then, have they stumbled that they should fall? Certainly not! But through their fall, to provoke them to jealousy, salvation has come to the Gentiles. 18 do not boast against the branches. But if you do boast, remember that you do not support the root, but the root supports you.21 For if God did not spare the natural branches, He may not spare you either. other references:


Romans 11:3 1 Kings 19:10, 14

Romans 11:4 1 Kings 19:18

Romans 11:6 NU-Text omits the rest of this verse.

Romans 11:8 Deuteronomy 29:4; Isaiah 29:10

Romans 11:10 Psalm 69:22, 23

Romans 11:22 NU-Text adds of God.

Romans 11:26 Or delivered

Romans 11:27 Isaiah 59:20, 21

Romans 11:34 Isaiah 40:13; Jeremiah 23:18

Romans 11:35 Job 41:11

[vi] Ephesians 2:11-13

Brought Near by His Blood

11 Therefore remember that you, once Gentiles in the flesh—who are called Uncircumcision by what is called the Circumcision made in the flesh by hands— 12 that at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world. 13 But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ.(NKJV)

[vii] Romans 11:24 For if you were cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and were grafted contrary to nature into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these, who are natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree? (NKJV)

[viii] Psalm 96:5 For all the gods of the peoples are idols, But the Lord made the heavens.(NKJV)

[ix] Atonement in Judaism

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Atonement in Judaism is the process of causing a transgression to be forgiven or pardoned. In the Hebrew Bible the idea of atonement (Hebrew כפרת kaphoreth) is connected with “covering.”


[x] Leviticus 16 (NKJV)


The Day of Atonement

16 6 “Aaron shall offer the bull as a sin offering, which is for himself, and make atonement for himself and for his house. 10 But the goat on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the Lord, to make atonement upon it, and to let it go as the scapegoat into the wilderness.

11 “And Aaron shall bring the bull of the sin offering, which is for himself, and make atonement for himself and for his house, and shall kill the bull as the sin offering which is for himself.  16 So he shall make atonement for the Holy Place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions, for all their sins; and so he shall do for the tabernacle of meeting which remains among them in the midst of their uncleanness. 17 There shall be no man in the tabernacle of meeting when he goes in to make atonement in the Holy Place, until he comes out, that he may make atonement for himself, for his household, and for all the assembly of Israel. 18 And he shall go out to the altar that is before the Lord, and make atonement for it, and shall take some of the blood of the bull and some of the blood of the goat, and put it on the horns of the altar all around.


20 “And when he has made an end of atoning for the Holy Place, the tabernacle of meeting, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat. 21 Aaron shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, confess over it all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions, concerning all their sins, putting them on the head of the goat, and shall send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a suitable man. 22 The goat shall bear on itself all their iniquities to an uninhabited land; and he shall release the goat in the wilderness.


30 For on that day the priest shall make atonement for you, to cleanse you, that you may be clean from all your sins before the Lord. 31 It is a sabbath of solemn rest for you, and you shall afflict your souls. It is a statute forever. 32 And the priest, who is anointed and consecrated to minister as priest in his father’s place, shall make atonement, and put on the linen clothes, the holy garments; 33 then he shall make atonement for the Holy Sanctuary,[a] and he shall make atonement for the tabernacle of meeting and for the altar, and he shall make atonement for the priests and for all the people of the assembly. 34 This shall be an everlasting statute for you, to make atonement for the children of Israel, for all their sins, once a year.” And he did as the Lord commanded Moses.

[xi] Exodus 25:21 You shall put the mercy seat on top of the ark, and in the ark you shall put the Testimony that I will give you. 22 And there I will meet with you, and I will speak with you from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim which are on the ark of the Testimony, about everything which I will give you in commandment to the children of Israel. (NKJV)