Dccc Apologetics Course II: FINGERPRINTS OF THE CREATOR Lesson 4




Most people believe in God as Creator. A survey showed 70 to 80% of Americans believe in creation instead of evolution, in spite of the fact that only evolution is taught in public schools. Why is this true? Romans 1:20 – 22 explains; “For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men ae without excuse.” This lesson points out God’s fingerprints on some of the many creatures He designed and formed.


To see the amazing fingerprints of God in every living creature and to be motivated to glorify Him, serve Him, and tell the world about His profound intelligence and awesome creative power.


  1. Learn about new discoveries of the amazing DNA and RNA molecules, which testify eloquently to the existence of a super-intelligent Creator.
  2. Examine the Creator’s fingerprints on the basic building blocks of life that are to complex that they could never have formed by chance.
  3. Marvel at the complexity and efficiency of man’s brain, nervous system, and his circulatory, respiratory, and immune systems
  4. Consider the human eye, one of God’s most remarkable inventions, which even Darwin admitted could never have evolved by mere chance.
  5. Stand amazed at the intelligent complexity and efficiency of numerous insects, birds, fish and animals, which evolution could never produce.

GOD’S FINGERPRINT ON DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)

  1. DNA Is Located in the Nucleus of Every Cell of the Human Body and All Other Living Creatures and Plants.
  2. Each DNA Molecule in a Human Is Composed of a Spiral Helix of Two Intertwined Strands (Like Two Computer Tapes Twisted Together)
    1. Each of the two strands is subdivided into 23 chromosomes, which make up a total of 46 chromosomes.
    2. Inscribed on each strand are 3.5 billion 3-letter words (7 billion on both strands) that spell out the hereditary genes of instruction for the composition, structure, and maintenance of every part of the human body.
    3. The New Encyclopedia Britannica, 1991 edition, averages about 7,900 letters per page, about 900 pages per volume, with 29 volumes for a total of 206,190,000 letters.
    4. The 21 billion letters on DNA is equivalent to 101.8 sets of The New Encyclopedia Britannica, a total of 2,656,980 pages.
  3. Only God Could Inscribe So Much Intelligent Information of Such A Tiny Computer Tape.
    1. Sir Fred Hoyle compared the likelihood of improving the genetic code by chance to a monkey on a type writer improving Shakespeare.
    2. Compare the probability of composing the 7 billion words of genetic information on DNA to that of a chimp tying on a computer and producing 101 sets of the New Encyclopedia Britannica.


  1. RNA is Also Located in the Nucleus of Every Cell of the Human Body, but is Produced by DNA
    1. RNA enters the nucleus and receives information from the DNA, then leaves the nucleus, enters the cytoplasm of the cell and transmits instructions to cell agents as to what to produce and how and when to do it.
    2. DNA transmits to RNA only those instructions that apply to that particular bart of the body where the cell is found
    3. For example, if you cut your finger, RNA receives instructions from DNA in the nucleus as to how to repair the damaged cell.
    4. RNA transmits instructions to some cell workers to coagulate, stop the bleeding, and form a temporary scab.
    5. RNA instructs other cell workers to look for alien substances (bacteria, etc.) and to destroy them.
    6. RNA informs other cell workers to produce certain proteins necessary to rebuild damaged cell walls and produce new skin for the finger.
    7. Thus, RNA serves like a prophet of DNA to transmit instructions to cell workers to repair and sustain the cell.
  2. God’s fingerprints Are Obviously Found All over RNA



  1. Nothing More Complex and Intelligent Has Been Found than DNA
    However, the substances produced by DNA also demonstrate phenomenal intelligence that chance evolution could not have produced.
  2. “Proteins Are Highly Complex Substances That Are Present in All Living Organisms”[i]
    1. “About 20 different amino acids occur naturally in proteins.”[ii]
    2. Sir Fred Hoyle, winner of the Nobel Prize in Astronomy, calculated that the odds of getting one correct Amino Acid by mere chance are 1 in 10 to the 60th power, 10 with 60 zeroes after it
    3. Statistical experts say any event with a probability of 1 in 10 to the 50th power is zero possibility.
    4. Proteins are more complex than Amino Acids. Charles Guye, Swiss Physicist, calculated the probability of forming by chance a single protein composed of 12 amino acids, and 288 peptide bonds: “1 in 10 to the 243rd power years with a material volume the size of the earth, shaken at the speed of light.[iii]
    5. Scientists claim that the earth is 5 billion years old, 5 with 9 zeros after it; yet, the time needed to get one protein is 10 with 243 zeros years (in addition, remember the moon is moving away from the earth at 1.4 inches per year, if the earth was five billion years old the moon would have been 125,000 miles closer to earth than it is now which is only 234 – 239,000 miles away… what would that have done to the tilt of the earth or tidal waves?)
    6. Earth is too young for even proteins, much less DNA, to have evolved by chance.
    7. James Coppedge calculated that a simple living being has 239 Protein molecules and that the odds of producing this number of Proteins is 1 in 10 to the 71,700th power (10 with 71,700 zeroes added).[iv]
    8. Coppedge concluded that evolution is impossible.
    9. God’s fingerprints are clearly evident in Proteins and Amino Acids.
  3. Enzymes Are Too Abundant and Too Complex to Occur by Chance
    1. The human body contains about 2,000 different enzymes.
    2. One of these enzymes combines different elements in the body to produce glucose, an important body substance essential to life. Its precise jig saw puzzle shape is necessary to produce the correct catalytic reaction.
    3. Sir Fred Hoyle has calculated that each enzyme has a chance probability factor of 1 in 10 to the 15th power for forming and 1 in 10 to the 5th power to be in the right place with other substances to accomplish its task; this gives a total probability factor of 1 in 10 to the 20th
    4. Sir Fred Hoyle has calculated the odds of producing all 2,000 enzymes at 1 in 10 to the 40,000th power, “an outrageously small probability that could not be faced even if the whole universe consisted of organic soup.”[v]
    5. God’s fingerprints are all over enzymes.


  1. Complexity of the Human Brain
    1. Isaac Asimov: “In man is a s three-pound brain which, as far as we know, is the most complex and orderly arrangement of matter in the universe.”[vi]
    2. Actually, DNA is more complicated than the brain because it includes the entire design of the brain, plus all the other body systems and parts.
    3. The brain has “about 10 billion neurons, each with its own identity.”[vii]
    4. The human brain controls and maintains the vital functions of all the body’s amazing systems, most of them without man’s consciousness.[viii]
    5. Except for mathematical computation, the human brain performs faster than any man-made computer, and without overheating.
    6. The brains dense network of neurons operates at petaflops or higher levels. Yet the whole device fits in a 1 liter box and uses only about 10 watts of power. (a petaflop is computer speed equal to accomplishing one quadrillion floating point operations per second)[ix]
  2. Memory and Analytical Ability of the Brain
    1. Man’s brain stores memories of words, colors, sights, events, ideas, concepts, feelings and every other human experience.
    2. Man’s brain is able to analyze these ideas and organize them into different classifications and orders, something animals cannot do.
    3. Man’s brain is able to devise, plan, invent, and crate objects ans schemes.
    4. Man’s brain is able to recall to memory all that man has thought and to communicate his ideas in intelligible speech, something no animal can do.
    5. Man’s brain is capable of comprehending and appreciating beauty, moral and thical and spiritual values and concepts
    6. Man’s brain is capable of conceiving of a Creator and worshiping and serving Him with all his heart, or of rejecting Him.
  3. The Nervous System
    1. “The brain receives data from, and transmits instructions to, all of the other body systems through the spinal cord and its associated membranes, fluids, and blood vessels, which span out to every…. part of the body.”[x]
    2. No central intelligence communications system works better than the human brain and its attached nervous system.
      1. Which indicates an intelligent designer A computer network or the human brain and its nervous system? Answer: Both!
      2. Which indicates a super-intelligent designer? Answer: The human brain and nervous system.


  1. The Circulatory System[xi]
    1. The heart, an amazingly efficient and durable pump, beats an average of 70 times per minute, 100,800 times daily, 36.8 million times annually, 2.2 billion times in 60 years, and almost 3 billion times in 80 years.
    2. The heart circulates the blood to every cell of the body through arteries and capillaries and then pumps the blood back to the heart through other capillaries and veins, a total journey of about 60,000 miles.
    3. There are about 10 billion capillaries that reach every cell in the human body.
    4. Before reentering the heart the blood from the spleen, stomach, pancreas, and intestine passes through the liver where the blood is cleansed and reprocessed with body building substances.
    5. The blood also passes through the lungs where carbon-dioxide waste us released and oxygen is picked up by the reprocessed blood before the heart pumps it back in two different streams (upper and lower body) on its life sustaining journey.
    6. Only a super-intelligent scientist could devise man’s circulatory system.
  2. The Respiratory System
    1. The nose and air passages in the throat funnel air to the lings, where blood picks up oxygen and circulates it to every cell in the body.
    2. The lungs then exhale the carbon dioxide waste that is harmful to humans, but beneficial to plants.
    3. Man has designed respiratory machines for people with damaged lungs, but they do not compare with the superior respiratory system of the human body.
    4. While biologists admit, an intelligent inventor designed the inferior respiratory machine, they inconsistently attribute the superior system to blind chance.
  3. The Immune System, God’s Defense System
    1. When enemies, such as germs, viruses or toxic poisons, enter the physical body, an alarm is set off by the surrounding cells notifying the immune system of the intrusion and the nature and size of the enemy.
    2. Immediately, the immune system sends specially trained attack soldiers to destroy the enemy and rescue squads to repair damage.
    3. If unexpected enemies enter the scene and succeed in making the person sick, the immune system registers the characteristics of the victorious enemy and builds up an anti-serum to destroy it if it appears again.
    4. Thus, most people who catch measles, chicken-pox, etc. never catch the disease again because the immunity system learned how to defend against the disease.


  1. The Sensory System is Composed of Tasting, Smelling, Feeling, Motion Sensation, Hearing, and Seeing.
  2. Seeing: The Eye Transmits Visual Signals to the Brain That Enables Man to See Rapidly, Accurately and in Full Color.
    1. The human retina calculates in 10 milliseconds what a super computer would take several minutes to do. These rapid calculations of the retina occur many times every second.[xii]
    2. Charles Darwin admitted, “To suppose that the eye with all its inimitable contrivances for adjusting the focus to different distances, for admitting different amounts of light, and for the correction of spherical and chromatic aberration, could have formed by natural selection, seems, I freely confess, absurd in the highest degree.”[xiii]
    3. No scientist has been able to develop a theory how an eyeless creature could accidentally evolve half eyes, and half eyes accidentally evolve into full eyes.
    4. No fossil with half eyes has ever been found.
    5. What rational man can conclude that an intelligent optician designed the camera; yet believe that the superior human eye was designed by blind chance with no knowledge of optics?
    6. The human eye is living testimony to a super-intelligent optician.

The Proper Reaction

“I praise you because I am fearfully and wonderfully made; your works are wonderful, I know that full well” (Psalm 139:14)


  1. The Honey Bee and the Midge
    1. Aeronautically, the honey bee’s shape and weight should not fly.
    2. However, its wings beat at the rate of 200 beats per second, allowing it suspend itself in the air like a helicopter, while it sucks out the nectar of lowers to make honey.
    3. The Midge (a tiny gnat-like fly) flaps its wings at the rate of 1,046 beats per second, the fastest rate known.[xiv]
    4. Modern commercial aircraft, that are propeller driven, cruise at about 2400 revoltions per minute, which is only 40 times per second.
    5. Perceptive thinkers attribute the superior speed of the Midge to a super-intelligent aeronautical engineer.
  2. The Seeing Worm
    1. A compound eye with multi-lenses has been found in fossilized worms.[xv]
    2. This fossilized worm was found in such an early geological stratum that it had no time to evolve such a complex eye.
    3. Only a highly-educated camera maker could produce such lenses.
  3. The Sophisticated Eyes of the Trilobite
    1. Trilobites, considered by evolutionists as one of the earliest forms of life, had “the most sophisticated eye lenses ever produced by nature.[xvi]
    2. Trilobites have between 100 and 15,000 lenses in their eyes (depending on the sub-species), enabling them to see very accurately under water.[xvii]
    3. Scientists claim the Trilobite became extinct 230 million years ago.
    4. How did the Trilobite develop more complicated eyes than man has in such a short time?
    5. Only a super-ingenious optician could devise such complex lenses.
  4. The Ten Eyes of the Horse Shoe Crab
    1. This large crab has nine complex eyes stationed at strategic positions over his hard shell and a tenth eye on the end of his tail.
    2. All ten eyes are linked to a sophisticated brain that sends neurons to all ten eyes at night so that the eyes can be modified to see in the dark.
    3. A stronger argument could not be made for an ingenious Creator
  5. The Kangaroo’s Inimitable Pouch[xviii]
    1. After a few weeks, the fetus of a kangaroo is born less than an inch long.
    2. By instinct alone, the tiny fetus crawls six inches from the uterus into the pouch without help from its mother.
    3. The baby kangaroo lives in its mother’s pouch until it is an adult.
    4. The Kangaroo’s pouch defies chance evolution, but harmonizes perfectly with an imaginative Creator.
  6. The Sea Wise Salmon
    1. A salmon born in the shallows of a stream bed in Oregon leaves her home to head down streams and rivers until she finally reaches the Pacific Ocean.
    2. She wanders sometimes for 2,000 miles in the ocean before heading home.
    3. She instinctively returns to the same river mouth she left to enter the ocean.
    4. She turns into the correct tributary of the river from which she came.
    5. She continues to the very stream and spot where she was born.
    6. There, where she began life, she lays her eggs and dies, that her children may follow in the same pathway she left for them.
    7. Such remarkable instinctive ability fits well with a remarkable, creative designer.
  7. The Prison Flower and The Fly
    1. The prison flower is found on a plant that produces two kinds of flower clusters, male and female.
    2. When a fly enters the male flower, it closes on him, causing the fly to flap his wings wildly, covering himself with pollen.
    3. Then the flower releases the fly.
    4. When the same fly enters the female flower, it also closes on the fly and the flaps of it’s wings pollinate the female flower.
    5. Not caring whether the fly escapes or not, the female often keeps the fly captive and nourishes itself on its decayed remains after it dies.
    6. This instance demonstrates the necessity of plants and insects co-existing from the beginning (in contrast to the evolutionary theory that plants existed millions of years before insects evolved).
    7. Such a unique method of pollination has all the ear marks of a super-imaginative agriculturist.
  8. Two Digestive systems of the Bear
    1. Bears store up fat during the summer and hibernate during the winter.
    2. Bears have one digestive and waste system for the summer and a second digestive system for the winter.
    3. When the bear hibernates, the first digestive system shuts down and a second takes over, converting the stored fat into energy without creating waste material that needs to be excreted.
    4. As soon as spring arrives, the bear’s second digestive system shuts down, and back comes the first system.
    5. An imaginative Creator is the only logical answer to this phenomenon.
  9. The Radar System of the Bat[xix]
    1. Bats are blind, but can hear frequencies of sound of 150,000 cycles per second whereas man can only her 15,000 cycles per second.
    2. The bat emits radar sound of 70,000 cycles per second at a rate of 100 impulses per second when in flight.
    3. The bat has special muscles that close the ear to his own emitted sounds, but opens them to receive the echo.
    4. The bat’s radar system is so effective that it can detect the echo from fruit flies 100 feet away, enabling the blind bat to catch five flies in one second.
    5. Modern scientists copied the bat’s radar system, that God, had invented 6,000 years earlier.


  1. God Has Amply Demonstrated His Creative Genius in the Universe (Romans 1:20).
  2. All living Creatures Testify to the Existence of Their Divine Creator (Psalm 148:1 -14)


  1. What are the two ways in which God reveals Himself?
    1. ___________________________________________________________
    2. ___________________________________________________________
  2. How many chromosomes do the two strands of the DNA molecule found in a human have and how many 3-letter words are written on these chromosomes?
    1. ___________________________________________________________
    2. ___________________________________________________________
  3. Where is, RNA found and what is its function in relation to DNA and the cell?
    1. ___________________________________________________________
    2. ___________________________________________________________
  4. How many different enzymes are found in the human body? _____________________________
  5. List six things man’s brain can do that animals, including chimps, are unable to do.
    1. ___________________________________________________________
    2. ___________________________________________________________
    3. ___________________________________________________________
    4. ___________________________________________________________
    5. ___________________________________________________________
    6. ___________________________________________________________
  6. What system relays the messages of the brain to the entire body and is superior to any intelligent communications system ever devised by man? _______________________________
  7. List 4 systems in the human body which attest to the existence of a Super-Intelligent Creator.
    1. ___________________________________________________________
    2. ___________________________________________________________
    3. ___________________________________________________________
    4. ___________________________________________________________
  8. Why is it that most people who catch measles, chicken-pox, etc, never catch the disease again? _____________________________________________________________
  9. List 9 examples from the animal kingdom which would demand the work of a super intelligent Creator?
    1. ___________________________________________________________
    2. ___________________________________________________________
    3. ___________________________________________________________
    4. ___________________________________________________________
    5. ___________________________________________________________
    6. ___________________________________________________________
    7. ___________________________________________________________
    8. ___________________________________________________________
    9. ___________________________________________________________





[i] New Encyclopedia Britannica, 1991 Ed., 14.859.

[ii] Ibid.

[iii] Cited by Pierre du Nouy, Human Destiny, pp. 33, 34

[iv] James Coppedge, Evolution: Possible or Impossible, pp. 440-114.

[v] Fred Hoyle, Evolution: Possible or Impossible, pp. 110-114

[vi] Smithsonian, Aug., 1970, p. 10.

[vii] New Encyclopedia Britannica, 1991 Ed., 24.779

[viii] Ibid.

[ix] Ivars Peterson, Science News, April 15, 1995m p. 235.

[x] New Encyclopedia Britannica, 1991 ED., 24.798

[xi] Main Source: New Encyclopedia Britannica, 1991 Ed., 16.390-99.

[xii] John K. Stevens, “Reverse Engineering the Brain, “Byte, April, 1985, p. 287, cited by Walt Brown, In The Beginning, p. 40.

[xiii] Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species, p.75.

[xiv] Huse, Collapse of Evolution, p.103.

[xv] Donald Mikulic, “A Silurian Soft-bodied /biota”, Science, Vol. 228, May 10, 1985, pp. 715-717; cited by Walt Brown, In The Beginning, p.40.

[xvi] Lisa Shawver, “Trilobite Eyes: An Impressive Feat of Early Evolution,” Science News, Vol. 105, Feb.2, 1974 p. 72

[xvii] Scott Huse, Collapse of Evolution, p. 95.

[xviii] John N. Clayton, The Source (Mentone, Ind.: Superior Printing, 1978). P.65.

[xix] R.L. Wysong, The Creation/ Evolution Controversy, pp. 340-341, 288.