DCCC Apologetics Course II Solution to Old Testament Riddles Lesson 9

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Alleged Old Testament Discrepancies

INTRODUCTION

Many scholars attack the inerrancy of the Old Testament based on “alleged” or “perceived” contradictions. I call these apparent contradictions “Bible Riddles or Puzzles.” This lesson analyzes some of the more difficult “Old Testament Riddles” and proposes unique solutions to them, thus answering the critics who claim the bible contains errors and contradictions.

LESSON AIM:

To capacitate the studies to analyze alleged Old Testament discrepancies to pray for, search for, and find solutions.

LESSON OBJECTIVES: You will…

  1. Develop the ability to analyze every detail involved in a Bible riddle.
  2. Learn to study and search for solutions with prayer and diligence.
  3. Experience the joy of discovery when a solution is found.
  4. Learn how to refute some of the most common alleged discrepancies that scholars make against the Old Testament inspired inerrancy

HOW TO SEARCH FOR SOLUTIONS TO BIBLE RIDDLES

A G-d’s Word Is Profound – Requires Concentrated Meditation To Understand.
1 O Lord, how great are your works! Your thoughts are very deep. Psalms 92:5 (NKJV)
2 Oh, how I love your law! It is my meditation all the day. 98 You, through your commandments, make me wiser than my enemies; for they are ever with me. 99 I have more understanding than all my teachers, For Your testimonies are my meditation. Psalms 119:97-99 (NKJV)
B Each Bible Truth Is Like A Multi-Sided Prism
1 Contradictions may appear because the reader is only seeing one side of a multi-sided prism of truth.
2 A part truth appears deficient and contradictory until joined together with the other parts of the prism.
3 Solutions are found by searching for the other sides of the prism that explain and tie all of the sides of the prism into a single gem of truth.

C Continue Steadfast in Prayer
1 Ask the Father, the author of the Bible, for guidance to find, and wisdom to understand each solution.
2 Jesus said, “Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you.” Matt 7:7 (NKJV)
3 James said, “If any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask of G-d, who gives to all liberally and without reproach, and it will be given to him.” James 1:5 (NKJV)
D Ask In Faith, Believing That G-d Will Ultimately Give You Answers
1 “But let him ask in faith, with no doubting, for he who doubts is like a wave of the sea driven and tossed by the wind.” James 1:6 (NKJV)
E Search Steadfastly for A Solution Until You Find an Answer
1 Jesus said in Matthew 7:7-8 “Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. 8 For everyone who asks receives, and he who seeks finds, and to him who knocks it will be opened.” NKJV)
F Knock persistently and patiently on G-d’s door through prayer and study of His word. Some solutions take years to find. Jesus said, “Knock [keep on knocking, a present imperative in Greek], and the door [the solution] will be opened to you” (Matthew 7:7).

Note: Some Bible riddles that have caused some to reject G-d’s word.

WHERE DID CAIN GET HIS WIFE?

A Problem: The (NEW)King James Version says (Genesis 4:16-17 Then Cain went out from the presence of the Lord and dwelt in the land of Nod on the east of Eden. 17 And Cain knew his wife, and she conceived and bore Enoch. And he built a city, and called the name of the city after the name of his son–Enoch. (NKJV))
1 Critical scholars have said that this incident is proof that other human beings existed prior to Adam.
2 Critical scholars claim that the Bible contradicts itself when it elsewhere states that Adam was the first man (1 Corinthians 15:45 And so it is written, “The first man Adam became a living being.” The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.(NKJV))
B Solution: Cain Married His Sister
1 The King James Version expression, “Cain knew his wife,” does not mean he met her in the land of Nod but that he knew her sexually there. The New International Version translates Genesis 4:17, “Cain lay with his wife, and she became pregnant.”
2 The fact that Genesis says that Cain went to Nod and produced a child with his wife in that location does not mean that Cain necessarily met and married her in Nod.
3 Starting with one man (Adam) and one woman (Eve), the only possibility for their offspring to multiply would be for them to intermarry with their brothers and sisters.
4 1 Corinthians 15:4 says Adam was the first man, and since Genesis 5:4 tells us, Adam “had other sons and daughters,” Cain obviously married his sister.
5 It was common among Egyptian Kings to marry their sisters and Abraham married his half-sister, Sarah (Genesis 12:13)

COMMAND BY MOSES TO DESTROY CANAANITE MEN, WOMEN, AND CHILDREN

A Problem: Killing of Innocent Children
1 Moses told the Israelites to destroy totally the Canaanites (Deuteronomy 7:2 and when the Lord your G-d delivers them over to you, you shall conquer them and utterly destroy them. You shall make no covenant with them nor show mercy to them. (NKJV))
2 Deuteronomy 2:34: We took all his cities at that time, and we utterly destroyed the men, women, and little ones of every city; we left none remaining.(NKJV)
3 Critical scholars believe that it was immoral for Israel to kill the Canaanite men and women, especially the children.
4 These scholars believe Moses was wrong and that god did not command or condone killing innocent people.
B Solution: G-d Gives Life and God has the Right to Take Life Away
1 When Job lost all of his children from a tornado, Job said, And he said: “Naked I came from my mother’s womb, And naked shall I return there. The Lord gave, and the Lord has taken away; Blessed be the name of the Lord.” 22 In all this Job did not sin nor charge G-d with wrong. Job 1:21-22 (NKJV)
2 G-d gave us our lives and G-d has the right to take our lives.
3 Children of evil people are especially blessed if they die young, because they go to live with G-d in Paradise.
4 God inflicted the death penalty on his people, Israel, for the following sins
a Murder, attacking parents, kidnaping another human being, or cursing one’s father or mother Ex 21:12-17 (NKJV)
b Sorcery, bestiality, sacrificing to other gods, and mistreatment of foreigners (Exodus 22:18-24
c Sacrificing one’s child to the God Molech, consulting mediums and spirits, adultery with the wife of another, incestuous relationships, and homosexuality (Leviticus 20 1-27)
5 G-d commanded Israel to kill the Canaanites for two reasons.
a The Canaanites had committed detestable sins and deserved to receive G-d’s sentence of Death (Leviticus 18:24-29)
b The Canaanites would lead Israel into idolatry and other unholy sins (Deuteronomy 7:2-4
NOTE: Israel disobeyed G-d’s command to eliminate all Canaanites and were influenced by the evil Canaanites to go after other gods and commit abominable sins
6 G-d has the right to authorize other persons to execute His death penalty.
a God later used Assyria to kill and exile disobedient northern Israel (2 Kings 17:3-20 3)
b G-d later used Babylon to kill and exile disobedient southern Judah (2 Kings 24: 1-4
7 G-d did not authorize the church to execute His death sentence. G-d did authorize the government of each nation to execute the death penalty: “They bear not the sword in vain” Romans 13:1-5
8 Neither Moses nor G-d was immoral in commanding Israel to eliminate the evil Canaanites.

DID ISRAEL STEAL THE LAND OF CANAAN?

A Problem: Critical scholars say that Israel stole the land of the Canaanite’s.
B Solution: The Land Did Not Belong to the Canaanites; it Was G-d’s Land
1 ‘The land shall not be sold permanently, for the land is Mine; for you are strangers and sojourners with Me. Lev 25:23 (NKJV)
2 For every beast of the forest is Mine, And the cattle on a thousand hills.11 I know all the birds of the mountains, And the wild beasts of the field are Mine. 12 “If I were hungry, I would not tell you; For the world is Mine, and all its fullness. Psalms 50:10-12 (NKJV)
3 Canaan was on loan to the Canaanites.
4 Later the Canaanites polluted or “defiled” the land with their detestable sins and G-d had every right to expel such evil tenants Leviticus 18:24-30
5 God gave the land to Israel conditionally: Lev 18:2828 lest the land vomit you out also when you defile it, as it vomited out the nations that were before you.
6 When northern Israel later rebelled against Jehovah, He sent Assyria to kill them and exile them from the land permanently (2 Kings 17:29 However every nation continued to make gods of its own, and put them in the shrines on the high places which the Samaritans had made, every nation in the cities where they dwelt.(NKJV))
7 When southern Israel (Judah) also left God, He sent Babylon to kill them and exile them for 70 years, until Israel repented and was permitted to return (2 Chronicles 36)
8 Israel was God’s agent to expel the wicked tenants of the land just as God later used Assyria and Babylon to remove northern Israel and Judah.

CONTRADICTION OF CHRONOLOGIES IN ACTS 13:19-20 AND 1 KINGS 6:1

A Problem
1 1 Kings 6:1 says 480 years intervened between the Exodus and Solomon’s fourth year: from 1446 B.C. to 966 B.C.
2 Acts 13:19-20 in the King James Version only calculates 450 years from the Conquest of Canaan until Samuel, the prophet: from c. 1400 B.C. to c. 1070 B.C. (only 330 years).
3 Thus, the chronology of 1 Kings 6:1 contradicts the chronology of Acts 13:19-20 by about 150 years (as translated in the King James Version).
B Solution: Inferior Greek Texts Need to Be Substituted with a Superior Greek Text
1 The King James Version of Acts 13:19-20 is a good translation of an inferior Greek text, which places the 450 years after the conquest of Canaan and during the period of the Judges.
2 However, the majority of ancient Greek texts of Acts 13:19-20 (followed by the NAS and NIV), dates the 450 years before the period of Judges began.
3 Genesis 15:13-15 counts 400 years between Isaac’s birth in 1846 B.C. and ends with Israel’s Exodus from Egypt in 1446 B.C.
4 Adding to the 400 years of Genesis 15:13-15; 40 years for the wilderness wandering (Acts 13:18) and 10 years for the duration of the conquest of Canaan, we have exactly 450 years between Isaac’s birth and when the period of the Judges began.
5 The Greek text of the NAS solves the contradiction in the KJV.

DIFFERENCE OF HEIGHT OF PILLARS IN FRONT OF THE TEMPLE

A Problem: 1 Kings 7:15-16 says the pillars were 18 cubits; whereas 2 Chronicles 3:15 says they were 35 cubits, and apparent contradiction.
B Solution: The prophetical author of Kings looked at things separately, whereas the priestly author of Chronicles looked at the sum of things.
1 The length of the wings of the 2 cherubim in 1 Kings 6:24-25 each extend out 5 cubits in each direction for a total of 10 cubits for each of the 2 wings.
2 2 Chronicles 3: 10-13 says the total wing span is 20 cubits for both cherubim, thus summing up the total wing spread for both cherubim.
3 1 Kings 7:15-16 looks at each pillar separately and measures the height (Hebrew word= qowmah) at 18 cubits for each pillar.
4 2 chronicles 3:15 looks at the two pillars together and measures the total length (Hebrew word =’orek), not the height (qowmah), as 35 cubits of both pillars lying end to end on the ground before being mounted. This would make each pillars exactly 17.5 cubits, but rounded off to 18 cubits in 1 Kings 7:15-16.
5 Most versions of the Bible have mistranslated ‘orek as “high”, creating the contradiction that disappears when translated accurately “long” or “length.”

DIFFERENCE OF NUMBERS OF STALLS FOR HORSE AND CHARIOTS

A Problem:
1 1 Kings 4:26 – “And Solomon had 40,000 stalls of horses for the chariots, and 12,000 horsemen.” (NAS, ASV and KJV, but not NIV)
2 2 Chronicles 9:25 – “Now Solomon had 4,000 stalls for horses and chariots and 12,000 horsemen.” (all versions)
3 Many scholars claim that the 40,000 stalls of 1 Kings 4:26 contradict the 4,000 stalls of 2 Chronicles 9:25.
B Inadequate Solution of the Translators of the New International Version
1 The NIV translates 1 Kings 4:26 as “4,000 stalls of horses” on the basis of one Septuagint manuscript, matching the 4,000 horses of 2 Chronicles 9:25.
2 However, all other Septuagint manuscripts omit 1 Kings 4:25-28 entirely.
3 All Hebrew manuscripts read 40,000 stalls of horses in 1 Kings 4:26 and read 4,000 stalls for horses and chariots in 2 Chronicles 9:25
4 1 Kings 4:26 and 2 Chronicles 9:25 both agree that Solomon had 12,000 horsemen, which contradicts the 4,000 the 4,000 stalls of horses of 2 Chronicles 9:25. How can 12,000 horsemen ride on only 4,000 horses?
C Solution:
1 2 Chronicles 9:25 says the 4,000 stalls were for both horses and chariots.
2 The 40,000 stalls in 1 Kings 4:26 were for horses only
3 The Hebrew for stall is “arayah and comes from the verb, “arah, which means “to gather.”
4 ‘Arayah can mean a “stall” for a single animal or a “stable” for many animals
5 1 Kings 4:26 uses the word stall to refer to individual stalls for 40,000 horses.
6 2 Chronicles 9:25 uses the word stall to refer to 4,000 large stables. If each large stable contained 10 individual stalls for horses, 4,000 large stables would have 40,000 individual, small stalls for horses, harmonizing with 1 Kings 4:26
7 These 4,000 stables of 2 Chronicles 9:25 were for chariots and horses; therefore each stable also had space for a chariot as well as 10 horses.
8 Archaeologists uncovered stables a Megiddo that date to the 9th century B.C. Each stable had ten stalls for horses with extra space for a chariot.

DIFFERENT CENSUS FIGURES

A Problem:
2 Samuel 24:9 lists 800,000 in Israel and 500,000 in Judah; whereas 1 Chronicles 21:5 lists 1,100,000 in Israel and 470,000 in Judah, and apparent difference of 270,000 men.
2 Samuel 24:9 1 Chronicles 21:5
Israel 800,000 Israel 1,100,000
Judah 500,000 Judah 470,000
Total 1,300,000 Total 1,570,000
Difference 270,000

B Solution Number One
1 2 Samuel 24:9 says “Israel” and 1 Chronicles 21:5 says “all Israel.” Thus, the 800,000 Israel of 2 Samuel 24:9 can be only northern Israel; whereas the 1,100,000 of 1 Chronicles 21:5 can be “All Israel” (both Judah and Northern Israel, which were united when the census was taken.) This “all Israel” as the total of the census is consistent with the unique style of the writer of Chronicles (probably Ezra) who like to sum up figures.
2 The 1,100,000 is the total of the entire nation, and included the 470,000 of Judah, leaving only 630,000 in Northern Israel.
2 Samuel 24:9 1 Chronicles 21:5
N. Israel 800,000 N. Israel 630,000
Judah 500,000 Judah 470,000
Total 1,300,000 Total 1,100,000

3 This second arrangement also appears contradictory to the numbers in 2 Samuel 24:9 by falling short by 200,000: 170,000 less in Northern Israel and 30,000 less in Judah.
4 This new arrangement can be explained whereas the first arrangement has no logical explanation
a 1 Chronicles 21:6 and 27:24 say their census figures did not include the tribes of Benjamin and Levi because Joab did not finish counting.
b Since the Levites were scattered in all the tribes it is very possible that the 170,000 less inhabitants in 1 Chronicles 21:5 are due to the fact that the Benjamites and the Levites who lived in northern Israel were not included in the census f Northern Israel.
5 The 30,000-lesser number of Judah are also Levites who lived in Judah, but were not included in the census figures of 1 Chronicles 21:5.
6 However, the prophetical author of 2 Samuel 24:9 estimated “by inspiration” that there were 170,000 extra Benjamites and Levites in Israel and 30,000 extra Levites in Judah that Joab failed to count.
7 The actual count of Joab was recorded in 1 Chronicles 21:5, whereas the actual numbers, including those not counted by Joab, were revealed by God in 2 Samuel 24:9.
2 Samuel 24:9 1 Chronicles 21:5
N Israel 800,000 (w/Ben. & Levi) N Israel 630,000 w/out Ben and levi
Judah 500,000 With Levi Judah 470,000 w/out levi
Total 1,300,000 (w/Ben. & Levi) Total 1,100,000 w/o Ben & Levi8 This reasonable explanation fits the entire Biblical picture of the census.

MATTHEW’S INTERPRETATION OF HOSEA 11:1?

A Alleged Discrepancy: Matthew 2:13-15
1 Joseph and Mary took Jesus to Egypt to escape Herod’s attempt to kill Jesus.
2 After Herod’s death, Joseph and Mary left Egypt and returned to Judea
3 Matthew says that Jesus’ return from Egypt fulfilled the prophecy: “Out of Egypt I call my son” (Hosea 11:1)
4 Hosea 11:1 is not a prediction but a statement of Israel’s past history and spiritual depravity in the time of Hosea: “When Israel was a child, I loved him, And out of Egypt I called My son. Hosea 11:1 (NKJV)
5 Many scholars believe Matthew misinterpreted Hosea 11:1 when he applied it to Jesus.

B Solution: Different Kinds of Fulfillment of Prophecies
1 Direct Prophecy: Matthew 2: 3-6 is a good example of “Direct Prophecy.”

a Herod asked the chief priests and rabbis where the promised Messiah (Christ) was to be born.
b The Jewish leaders answered that the prophet Micah had predicted that the Christ would be born in Bethlehem (Micah 5:2)
c Micah predicted that this future ruler of Israel would be preexistent from ancient times, yet born in the tiny town of Bethlehem.
d Micah 5:2 is a direct prophecy of Jesus’ birth.
2 Figurative/Typological Prophecy
a In the Old Testament G-d prepared the Jews for the coming of Jesus Christ and His New Testament through shadows, symbols and types of Christ’s perfect priesthood and His superior sacrifice on the cross. Hebrews 8 – 10.
b Ezekiel 37:24 predicts the coming of the Messiah under the type or figure of King David,
(a) David, the friend of G-d, was a type or figure of Jesus, as the messiah who would rule Israel and the world.
(b) Jesus did not fulfill Ezekiel 37:24 directly, but figuratively.
3 The topological prophecy of Hosea 11:1 and its fulfillment in Matthew 2:13-15
a Hosea 11:1 reports that G-d previously called His son Israel out of Egypt.
b Israel as “G-d’s son” is a type of G-d’s only begotten Son, Jesus. Notice below the similarities of the two Israel’s
c Joseph brought his father, Jacob, to Egypt to save his family from the famine in Canaan (Genesis 43-47). Joseph, the husband of Mary, was also the son of Jacob (Matthew 1:16); he brought Jesus, G-d’s Son, to Egypt to save Him from assassination by Herod.
d Joseph used the money of a King (Pharaoh) to provide for Israel (G-d’s son) while in Egypt. Joseph used the money from the kings (wise men) from the East, to provide for Jesus (G-d’s Son: in Egypt.
e G-d called Israel (God’s son) out of Egypt in a vision to Moses: G-d called Jesus (G-d’s Son) out of Egypt in a vision to Joseph.
f G-d called Israel (G-d’s son) to return to Canaan to serve Him; G-d called Jesus (G-d’s son) to return to Canaan to serve Him.
g Ancient Israel failed to obey G-d (Hosea 11:1-2 “When Israel was a child, I loved him, And out of Egypt I called My son. 2 As they called them, So they went from them; They sacrificed to the Baals, And burned incense to carved images. (NKJV)), but Jesus obeyed His Father’s will, fulfilling what ancient Israel failed to do.
h Israel was originally Jacob, but Israel became all of Jacob’s descendants who were incorporated into national Israel, Jacob (Israel) is a type of figure of the New Israel, Jesus, and those incorporated into Jesus through faith and baptism
i Matthew 2:11-15 is a fulfillment not of a prophetical prediction, but of a prophetical type or figure.

JESUS INTERPRETATION OF ISALAH 6:9-10 IN MATTHEW 13:14-15

A Problem:
1 In Matthew 13:14-15 Jesus Claimed that the Jews of His day “fulfilled” Isaiah 6:9-10 that reads, “through seeing, they do not see, though hearing, they do not hear of understand.”
2 In Isaiah 6:9-12 G-d ordered Isaiah to preach to the Jews of his day who were spiritually blind and hardhearted.
3 Critical scholars say Jesus was wrong in believing that Isaiah 6:9-10 predicted the hardhearted Jews who rejected Jesus.

B Solution: Fulfillment of a Prophetical Conception, not a prediction
1 Isaiah 6:9-10 is not a prediction, but a condemnation of the Jews of Isaiah’s day, who closed their eyes and plugged their ears to Isaiah’s preaching
2 The Jews in Jesus’ day demonstrated the same spiritual deafness and blindness that the Jews had in Isaiah’s day.
3 Thus, the Jews of Matthew 13:13-15 fulfilled a prophetical conception that Isaiah wrote, not a prediction.
4 Prophecies not only predict but also reveal the hearts of men and teach great concepts of G-d which are true and fulfilled in every age.

SELF EXAM FOR LESSON NINE

1. Give three things necessary to finding solutions to Bible riddles.
1) _____________________________________________________________________
2) _____________________________________________________________________
3) _____________________________________________________________________

2. Give the proposed solution to the question: “Where did Cain get his wife?”
1) ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
3. Answer the accusation by liberal scholars that G-d was immoral in commanding the death of the Canaanite men, women and children when Israel took the land.
1) _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
4. How is the question answered concerning Israel stealing the land from the Canaanites? _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
5. Give the solution to the apparent contradiction of chronologies in Acts 13: 19-20 and 1 Kings 6:1 _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
6. Answer the seemingly contradiction concerning the height of pillars in front of the Temple in 1 Kings 7: 15-16 and 2 Chronicles 3:15. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

7. How is the question answered concerning the difference of numbers of stalls for horses and chariots in 1 Kings 4;26 and 2 chronicles 9:25? _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
8. Name two different kinds of fulfillment of prophecies and indicate which kind is used in Matthew 2: 13 – 15
1) _____________________________________________________________________
2) _____________________________________________________________________
9. Give the solution to the critical scholars’ accusation that Jesus misinterpreted Matthew 13: 14-15 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

[1] (“He who strikes a man so that he dies shall surely be put to death. 13 However, if he did not lie in wait, but God delivered him into his hand, then I will appoint for you a place where he may flee. 14 “But if a man acts with premeditation against his neighbor, to kill him by treachery, you shall take him from My altar, that he may die. 15 “And he who strikes his father or his mother shall surely be put to death. 16 “He who kidnaps a man and sells him, or if he is found in his hand, shall surely be put to death. 17 “And he who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

[1] a           “You shall not permit a sorceress to live. 19 “Whoever lies with an animal shall surely be put to death. 20 “He who sacrifices to any god, except to the Lord only, he shall be utterly destroyed. 21 “You shall neither mistreat a stranger nor oppress him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt. 22 “You shall not afflict any widow or fatherless child. 23 If you afflict them in any way, and they cry at all to Me, I will surely hear their cry; 24 and My wrath will become hot, and I will kill you with the sword; your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless”.(NKJV)

[1] a           ‘Do not defile yourselves with any of these things; for by all these the nations are defiled, which I am casting out before you. 25 For the land is defiled; therefore I visit the punishment of its iniquity upon it, and the land vomits out its inhabitants. 26 You shall therefore keep My statutes and My judgments, and shall not commit any of these abominations, either any of your own nation or any stranger who dwells among you 27 (for all these abominations the men of the land have done, who were before you, and thus the land is defiled), 28 lest the land vomit you out also when you defile it, as it vomited out the nations that were before you. 29 For whoever commits any of these abominations, the persons who commit them shall be cut off from among their people (NKJV))

[1] and when the Lord your God delivers them over to you, you shall conquer them and utterly destroy them. You shall make no covenant with them nor show mercy to them. 3 Nor shall you make marriages with them. You shall not give your daughter to their son, nor take their daughter for your son. 4 For they will turn your sons away from following Me, to serve other gods; so the anger of the Lord will be aroused against you and destroy you suddenly.(NKJV))

[1] a           (Judges 2:10-15 When all that generation had been gathered to their fathers, another generation arose after them who did not know the Lord nor the work which He had done for Israel. 11 Then the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord, and served the Baals; 12 and they forsook the Lord God of their fathers, who had brought them out of the land of Egypt; and they followed other gods from among the gods of the people who were all around them, and they bowed down to them; and they provoked the Lord to anger. 13 They forsook the Lord and served Baal and the Ashtoreth’s. 14 And the anger of the Lord was hot against Israel. So, He delivered them into the hands of plunderers who despoiled them; and He sold them into the hands of their enemies all around, so that they could no longer stand before their enemies. 15 Wherever they went out, the hand of the Lord was against them for calamity, as the Lord had said, and as the Lord had sworn to them. And they were greatly distressed. (NKJV)

[1] a           2 Kings 17:3-20…3 Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against him; and Hoshea became his vassal, and paid him tribute money. 4 And the king of Assyria uncovered a conspiracy by Hoshea; for he had sent messengers to So, king of Egypt, and brought no tribute to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year. Therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison.Israel Carried Captive to Assyria5 Now the king of Assyria went throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria and besieged it for three years. 6 In the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of Assyria took Samaria and carried Israel away to Assyria, and placed them in Halah and by the Habor, the River of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.7 For so it was that the children of Israel had sinned against the Lord their God, who had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and they had feared other gods, 8 and had walked in the statutes of the nations whom the Lord had cast out from before the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel, which they had made. 9 Also the children of Israel secretly did against the Lord their God things that were not right, and they built for themselves high places in all their cities, from watchtower to fortified city. 10 They set up for themselves sacred pillars and wooden images[a] on every high hill and under every green tree. 11 There they burned incense on all the high places, like the nations whom the Lord had carried away before them; and they did wicked things to provoke the Lord to anger, 12 for they served idols, of which the Lord had said to them, “You shall not do this thing.”13 Yet the Lord testified against Israel and against Judah, by all of His prophets, every seer, saying, “Turn from your evil ways, and keep My commandments and My statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by My servants the prophets.” 14 Nevertheless they would not hear, but stiffened their necks, like the necks of their fathers, who did not believe in the Lord their God. 15 And they rejected His statutes and His covenant that He had made with their fathers, and His testimonies which He had testified against them; they followed idols, became idolaters, and went after the nations who were all around them, concerning whom the Lord had charged them that they should not do like them. 16 So they left all the commandments of the Lord their God, made for themselves a molded image and two calves, made a wooden image and worshiped all the host of heaven, and served Baal. 17 And they caused their sons and daughters to pass through the fire, practiced witchcraft and soothsaying, and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the Lord, to provoke Him to anger. 18 Therefore the Lord was very angry with Israel, and removed them from His sight; there was none left but the tribe of Judah alone.19 Also Judah did not keep the commandments of the Lord their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made. 20 And the Lord rejected all the descendants of Israel, afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of plunderers, until He had cast them from His sight.

[1] a           In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his vassal for three years. Then he turned and rebelled against him. 2 And the Lord sent against him raiding bands of Chaldeans, bands of Syrians, bands of Moabites, and bands of the people of Ammon; He sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of the Lord which He had spoken by His servants the prophets. 3 Surely at the commandment of the Lord this came upon Judah, to remove them from His sight because of the sins of Manasseh, according to all that he had done, 4 and also because of the innocent blood that he had shed; for he had filled Jerusalem with innocent blood, which the Lord would not pardon. (NKJV))

[1] 1           Romans 13:1-5 Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God. 2 Therefore whoever resists the authority resists the ordinance of God, and those who resist will bring judgment on themselves. 3 For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to evil. Do you want to be unafraid of the authority? Do what is good, and you will have praise from the same. 4 For he is God’s minister to you for good. But if you do evil, be afraid; for he does not bear the sword in vain; for he is God’s minister, an avenger to execute wrath on him who practices evil. 5 Therefore you must be subject, not only because of wrath but also for conscience’ sake.(NKJV)

[1] 1           (Leviticus 18:24-30 ‘Do not defile yourselves with any of these things; for by all these the nations are defiled, which I am casting out before you. 25 For the land is defiled; therefore I visit the punishment of its iniquity upon it, and the land vomits out its inhabitants. 26 You shall therefore keep My statutes and My judgments, and shall not commit any of these abominations, either any of your own nation or any stranger who dwells among you 27 (for all these abominations the men of the land have done, who were before you, and thus the land is defiled), 28 lest the land vomit you out also when you defile it, as it vomited out the nations that were before you. 29 For whoever commits any of these abominations, the persons who commit them shall be cut off from among their people. 30 Therefore you shall keep My ordinance, so that you do not commit any of these abominable customs which were committed before you, and that you do not defile yourselves by them: I am the Lord your God.’ “(NKJV))

[1] (And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel had come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the Lord.(NKJV))

[1] (And when He had destroyed seven nations in the land of Canaan, He distributed their land to them by allotment. 20 After that He gave them judges for about four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet.(NKJV)

[1] New Brown, Driver, Biggs, Genesis Hebrew, Aramaic, English Lexicon, p.71. and Strong’s Hebrew & Chaldee Dictionary, p.16.

[1] A           Matthew 2:13-15 Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, “Arise, take the young Child and His mother, flee to Egypt, and stay there until I bring you word; for Herod will seek the young Child to destroy Him.” 14 When he arose, he took the young Child and His mother by night and departed for Egypt, 15 and was there until the death of Herod that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying, “Out of Egypt I called My Son.”(NKJV)

[1] 1           Matthew 2: 3-6 :When Herod the king heard this, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. 4 And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he inquired of them where the Christ was to be born. 5 So they said to him, “In Bethlehem of Judea, for thus it is written by the prophet: 6 ‘But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, Are not the least among the rulers of Judah; For out of you shall come a Ruler Matt 2:3-6 (NKJV)

[1] Ezekiel 37:24  “David My servant shall be king over them, and they shall all have one shepherd; they shall also walk in My judgments and observe My statutes, and do them.(NKJV)

[1] a           (Galatians 3: 26-28 For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. 27 For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ. 28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus. 29 And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.(NKJV))

[1] Isaiah 6:9-13 And He said, “Go, and tell this people: ‘Keep on hearing, but do not understand;Keep on seeing, but do not perceive.’10 “Make the heart of this people dull,And their ears heavy,And shut their eyes; Lest they see with their eyes, And hear with their ears,

And understand with their heart, And return and be healed.” 11 Then I said, “Lord, how long?” And He answered: “Until the cities are laid waste and without inhabitant, The houses are without a man,

The land is utterly desolate, 12 The Lord has removed men far away, And the forsaken places are many in the midst of the land. 13 But yet a tenth will be in it, And will return and be for consuming, As a terebinth tree or as an oak, Whose stump remains when it is cut down. So the holy seed shall be its stump.”(NKJV)

[1] Matt 13:13-15 Therefore I speak to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand. 14 And in them the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled, which says: ‘Hearing you will hear and shall not understand, and seeing you will see and not perceive; 15 for the hearts of this people have grown dull. Their ears are hard of hearing, And their eyes they have closed, Lest they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears, Lest they should understand with their hearts and turn, o that I should heal them.'(NKJV)

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