DCCC Apologetics Course II EVIDENCE THAT THE BIBLE IS GOD’S INSPIRED WORD Lesson 8

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EVIDENCE THAT THE BIBLE IS GOD’S INSPIRED WORD

INTRODUCTION

The previous lesson showed the Bible’s claim to be God’s inspired Word. This lesson presents marvelous evidence to confirm this remarkable affirmation. We will see in this lesson that god’s Word, like God’s Creation, is filled with a knowledge and wisdom, that surpasses human capability and that can only be explained by an Omniscient Mind. Lesson 8 covers only a few examples of the Bible’s vast reservoir of Divine knowledge.

LESSON AIM:

To see the Bible as the remarkable and infallible Word of God and to strengthen the faith of fellow Christians and convince unbelievers of the same truth.

LESSON OBJECTIVES: you will

  1. Consider amazing scientific knowledge of astronomy, physics, geology, biology, and medicine that were foreknown by Biblical writers from 1,500 to 3,000 years before modern scientists discovered the same truths.
  2. Examine remarkable Old Testament predictions that detailed accurate histories of four different nations hundreds of years before they occurred.
  3. Scrutinize 80 of a total of 332 amazing Old Testament predictions of the Messiah written from 400 to 1,400 years before they were fulfilled in the person of Jesus Christ
  4. Realize that the odds against such accurate and numerous predictions occurring y chance logically imply that the Bible was revealed by an Omniscient God who know history in detail before it occurred.
  5. Recognize that the Bible has superior teaching to anything written by man in the areas of wisdom, patience, devotion, morality, impartiality, consistency, love, purity, hope and the power to transform human life.

REMARKABLE SCIENTIFIC FOREKNOWLEDGE

  1. Recent Scientific Truths
    1. The Scriptures reveal extraordinary scientific truths that were not discovered or confirmed by scientists until the 15th through the 20th A.D.
  2. Astronomical Truth
    1. The numberless stars, “I will make the descendants of David my servant…as countless as the stars of the sky” (Jeremiah 33:22)
    2. Job 26:7 He stretches out the north over empty space; He hangs the earth on nothing. (NKJV)
    3. Isaiah 40:22 (c.700B.C.) wrote, “He sits enthroned above the circle of the earth.” Discovered 2,300 years later
    4. Jesus said in Luke 17: 31-36 that people will be working in the fields during the day and sleeping during the night when He returned. Jesus knew that day and night occurred simultaneously over the earth 1,350 years before Galileo discovered it.
      1. Luke 17: 31-37 “In that day, he who is on the housetop, and his goods are in the house, let him not come down to take them away. And likewise the one who is in the field, let him not turn back. 32 Remember Lot’s wife. 33 Whoever seeks to save his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life will preserve it. 34 I tell you, in that night there will be two men in one bed: the one will be taken and the other will be left. 35 Two women will be grinding together: the one will be taken and the other left. 36 Two men will be in the field: the one will be taken and the other left.”37 And they answered and said to Him, “Where, Lord? “So He said to them, “Wherever the body is, there the eagles will be gathered together.”
    5. Laws of Physics and Geology
      1. Hebrews 11: 3 says by faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that the things which are seen were not made of things which are visible. Discover that matter is composed of invisible molecules in 1920 A.D.
      2. Job 38: 16 “Have you entered the springs of the sea? Or have you walked in search of the depths? The ocean/ seas are very deep, and in almost complete darkness, and the pressure there is enormous, it would have been impossible for Job to explore the bottom of the ocean. Springs in the Ocean were discovered by Oceanographers in the 1970’s using deep diving research submarines built to withstand 6,000 pounds per square inch of pressure.
      3. Oceanographers also discovered the trenches at the bottom of the sea mentioned in Job 38:16
      4. Psalm 8:8 (C. 1000 B.C.) The birds of the air, And the fish of the sea That pass through the paths of the seas Paths, or streams through the oceans were discovered in 1854
      5. Ecclesiastes 1:7 All the rivers run into the sea, Yet the sea is not full; To the place from which the rivers come, there they return again. The water cycle was not recognized as scientific fact until the 17th
    6. Biological and Medical Truths
      1. Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmityBetween you and the woman,And between your seed and her Seed;He shall bruise your head,And you shall bruise His heel.” Scientist used to think that only the man had “seed” until the 17th century when they discovered that the woman also has “seed” that combines with man’s “seed” when a strand of DNA (discovered in the 19th century and identified in the 20th century) from the women combines with a strand from man
      2. Leviticus 13 gives instructions for quarantine for diseases to prevent the infection from spreading to the rest of the camp. Discovered in the 19th century, 3,240 years after Moses’ time.
      3. Leviticus 17:10 forbids Israelites to drink or eat blood of animals. In the 19th century scientists realized that diseases of animals can infect humans of their blood is eaten or drunk.
      4. Leviticus 15: 5-13 instructs the washing of hands and clothes to prevent infection after touching a diseased or dead person.[i].
      5. Genesis 17:12 commands Abraham and his descendants to circumcise their male children on the 8th day after birth. In the 20th century medical scientists discovered that vitamin K causes blood to clot and does not enter the body significantly until the 8th day after birth.[ii]

NOTE: Such remarkable scientific foreknowledge can be explained only by an omniscient Scientist who revealed these truths to His prophets.

AMAZING PREDICTIONS OF FUTURE PEOPLE, NATIONS, AND EVENTS

  1. The Accuracy of Biblical Prophecy
    God told Isaiah, “write it on a tablet for them, inscribe it on a scroll, that for the days to come it may be an everlasting witness” (Isaiah 30:8)
  2. God predicted the Future of Babylon
    Isaiah chapters 13-14, 44-45, written about 700 B.C.

    1. Medes will conquer Babylon (Isaiah 13:17). Fulfilled 539 B.C.
    2. “Cyrus” (predicted by name) will free the Jews from Babylonian Captivity and permit them to return to Judea and rebuild Jerusalem (Isiah 44:28; 45:1). Fulfilled 539 B.C.
    3. Babylon to be desolate and uninhabited, like Sodom and Gomorrah, forever (Isiah 13: 19-22. Fulfilled c. 363 A.D.
    4. Babylon to be covered by swamps of water (Isaiah 14:23) – “The great part of the country below ancient Babylon has now been for centuries a great swamp”[iii] (Over 1,000 years after Isiah predicted it).
    5. Name survivors and offspring of Babylon to be cut off forever (Isiah 14:22). The name of Babylon ceased to exist more than 1,000 years after Isiah predicted it.
  3. Prophecies Concerning Egypt. Ezekiel 29: 15-16 predicted that the great and might country of Egypt would become, and remain forever a lowly kingdom. He further predicted that Egypt would not become extinct as Babylon was.
    1. Date of Ezekiel’s prophecy: between 592 and 586 B.C.
    2. Egypt remains “a lowly” and impoverished nation, thus continuing the fulfillment of Ezekiel’s prophecy for the last 2,580 years.
  4. Rome and the Kingdom of Christ
    1. Daniel predicted in 604 B.C. the coming of four world empires.
      1. Babylon the first empire (Daniel 2:38)
      2. Medo-Persia the second (Daniel 2:39; 5:28-31; 6:8)
      3. Greece the third world empire (Daniel 2:39; 8:20-21).
      4. Daniel describes in detail the fourth world empire (Daniel 2:40-43; 7:17-27).
      5. History and the Bible (Luke 2:1) identify the fourth kingdom as the Roman Empire.
    2. Daniel 2:44 predicted that the Kingdom of God would be set up during the days of the fourth world empire (Rome).
    3. Daniel 7 also predicted that the Messiah’s Kingdom would outlast the Roman empire.
    4. Jesus Christ, who began to preach about 26 A.D. , it the 15th year of Tiberius, Emperor of Rome (Luke 3:1) said, “The time has come,” and “The Kingdom of God is near.”
    5. Two years later Jesus told His apostles that the Kingdom would be established during their lifetime (Mark 9:1)
    6. After His resurrection, Christ claimed to have all authority and He commanded His apostles to expand His kingdom to all the world (Matthew 28:18-20)
    7. Jesus’s apostles taught that His kingdom was established in the 1st century during the Roman Empire (Colossians 1:13 and Revelation 1:5,6,9)
    8. Rome fell in the 4th century – Christ’s Kingdom continues to exist to this day.
    9. Daniel prophecies c. 604 B.C., 600 years before Christ was born and 900 years before Rome fell. A Hebrew manuscript of Daniel was found among the Dead Sea Scrolls with a carbon 14 date of c.150 B.C. 150 years before Christ was born and 450 years before the Roman Empire fell.
    10. Daniel’s amazing predictions could not have been made without Divine foreknowledge, proving the Bible is the Work of God.

MESSIANIC PREDITIONS FULFILLED IN JESUS CHRIST

  1. Evidence that Demands a Verdict by Josh McDowell lists 332 Old Testament predictions of Jesus Christ
  2. Six Old Testament Prophecies of Christ’s Dual Nature as Both God and Man are Fulfilled in Jesus of Nazareth.
  3. Six of the 80 Prophecies Predict Christ’s Genealogy
    Luke 3 traces Jesus genealogy all the way back to Adam and Eve
  4. Three Prophecies of Christ’s Youth and Three Prophecies Concerning His Forerunner, John the Baptist (See Table-8A)
  5. Ten Different Roles of the Future Messiah. As Prophet, Priest, King, Shepherd, Servant, Son of Man, Sacrifice, Counselor, Judge, and Redeemer.
  6. Ten Different Aspects of the Messiah’s Life and Ministry
    His miracles, preaching in Galilee to the poor and sinful, speaking in parables, making a covenant with the Gentiles, and living a sinless life.
  7. Thirteen Different Ideas About Christ’s Betrayal by Judas
    His rejection by the Jews and humiliation before Pilate. The Messiah’s entrance into Jerusalem on a donkey, His betrayal by a friend for 30 pieces of silver.
  8. The Death of Christ
    Eight are listed:

    1. Pierced hands and feet,
    2. Pierced side
    3. Garments Divided
    4. One garment taken by lot,
    5. Gall and vinegar for drink,
    6. Forsaken by God,
    7. Vicarious death for others and,
    8. A death that justifies others.
  9. Christ’s Resurrection from the Dead
    His ascension to heaven, His reign over all nations while seated at God’s right hand and His final victory over death in the final resurrection at His second doming.
  10. Odds of Varied Numbers of Prophesies Being Fulfilled in One Person’s life.[iv]
    1. Eight prophecies: 1 to 10 with 17 zeros. This number will cover Texas with silver dollars by 2 feet deep.
    2. Forty-eight prophecies: 1 to 10 with 157 zeros
    3. Eighty prophecies 1 to 10 with abut 260 zeroes
    4. To illustrate the odds of the 332 prophcies of Christ that McDowell lists, Batsell Barrett Baxter pictured 40 archers and placed them from 1,400 to 400 yards away from a hidden target, to represent the prophecies that were made about Christ from 1,400 to 400 years before He was born. Each of the archers shoots his allotted arrows into the sky toward the hidden target. Imagine 332 arrows flying through the sky toward a hidden target, and all of them hitting the bull’s eyes.
    5. Jesus alone fulfills all 332 prophecies.
    6. One of the principal methods used by the apostles to convert unbelievers was to prove to them that Jesus Christ fulfilled the Old Testament predictions of the Messiah (Acts 2: 14-36; 3:17-26; 8:32-35; 13:16-41, 17: 2-4; 10 – 12; 18: 4-6)

THE SUPERIOR CONTENTS OF BIBLICAL TEACHING

  1. The Wisdom of Solomon
    No one in history has succeeded in expressing greater wisdom more concisely than Solomon (except for Jesus). Read this wisdom in Proverbs and Ecclesiastes.
  2. The Patience of Job
    Job is a masterpiece of philosophical, scientific, and religious concepts in real life situations. Yet it was written more than 3,500 years ago.
  3. The Devotion of David
    The Psalms contain the highest spiritual concepts and the deepest yearnings of the soul to praise and glorify God.
  4. The Superior Morality of the Bible
    1. The Ten Commandments and other moral laws found in the Old Testament are superior to the moral standards of other nations when Moses wrote.
    2. The morality of Jesus’ Sermon on the mount sets the highest moral standard ever taught in human history (Matthew 5 – 7)
  5. The Impartiality of the Bible
    1. Most ancient histories glorify their heroes and kings and fail to record their weaknesses and their defeats.
    2. The bible impartially presents the strengths and weaknesses of its most important characters.
      1. Noah’s drunkenness (Genesis 9:21).
      2. Sarah’s lie (Genesis 18: 15-16)
      3. Jacob’s deceit (Genesis 27)
      4. The envy and jealousy of Joseph’s brothers (Genesis 37)
      5. Judah’s fornication with Tamar (Genesis 38).
      6. Moses’ killing of an Egyptian (Exodus 2: 11 – 16).
      7. Israel’s sin and exile in the wilderness as punishment.
      8. King Saul’s witchcraft (1 Chronicles 10: 13-14)
      9. David’s adultery with Bathsheba (2 Samuel 11).
      10. Solomon’s multiplied wives and idolatry (1 Kings 11).
    3. The Bible points out Israel’s defeats as well as its victories
      1. Saul’s defeat at the hands of the Philistines and his suicide (1 Samuel 31)
      2. Absalom’s rebellion against his father, David (2 Samuel 15).
      3. Pharaoh Shishak’s sacking of Solomon’s treasures (1 Kings 14:25-28)
      4. Assyrian destruction of the Kingdom of northern Israel (2 Kings 24-25)
      5. Babylonian destruction of Jerusalem and Judah (2 Kings 24-25)
      6. Slaves in Babylon for 70 years (2 Chronicles 36: 20-23).
    4. Unified and Consistent Truth
      1. Unity of thought in diversity of culture.
        1. About 40 authors wrote the 66 books of the Bible over 1500 years.
        2. The authors had varied cultural backgrounds, different religious teachings, and different educational backgrounds and professions.
        3. The promise of the coming Messiah links together the entirety of the Old and New Testaments
      2. While God’s covenants are different for each age, the same God is recognized as the Omnipotent, Omniscient Creator and Father in each covenant.
      3. Jeremiah 31:31 specifically predicted the coming of Christ’s new covenant, and Hebrews 8-10 shows that the Old Testament prepared for and foreshadowed Christ’s New Testament.
    5. The Wisdom, Love, and Purity of Jesus Christ
      1. Jesus’ analysis of “the two greatest laws” in the Old Testament demonstrates His divine wisdom (Mark 12: 30-32)
        1. Jesus said the first and most important law is “love the lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.”
        2. The second most important law is “Love your neighbor as yourself.”
        3. The Golden Rule of Jesus is the best expression of the two greatest laws; “So in everything, do to others what you would have them do to you, for this sums up the Law and the Prophets” (Matthew 7:12).
      2. Jesus’ new and superior law of love for neighbor.
        1. “Anew command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another” (John 13:34-35).
        2. Jesus said, “Greater love has no man than this, to lay down his life for his friends” (John 15:13).
        3. Jesus demonstrated that icredible love by dying on the cross for not only His friends, but also for His enemies (Romans 5:6-8)
      3. His teaching to “Be perfect…as your heavenly Father is perfect” (Matthew 5:48) was demonstrated by His perfect life, the only man to attain a sinless life (John 8:46; 1 Peter 2:21-22; 2 Corinthians 5:21).
    6. The Power of the Gospel to Transform Lives
      1. Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived. Neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor homosexuals,[a] nor sodomites, 10 nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners will inherit the kingdom of God. 11 And such were some of you. But you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus and by the Spirit of our God. 1 Corinthians 6: 9-11
      2. The power of the gospel has changed more lives than the teaching of human philosophy, psychiatry, and psychology in all of history.

SELF EXAM FOR LESSON EIGHT

  1. What astronomical truth is taught in each of the following passages that was not known until many centuries later
    1. Genesis 1:2 ______________________________________________________________
    2. Jeremiah 33:2 ____________________________________________________________
    3. Job 26:7 _________________________________________________________________
    4. Job 26:7 (2nd truth) ________________________________________________________
    5. Isiah 40:22 ______________________________________________________________
    6. Luke 17: 31-36 ___________________________________________________________
  2. What are 5 historical facts predicted by Isiah about the nation of Babylon 160 to 1063 year before they occurred?
    1. ____________________________________________________________________
    2. ____________________________________________________________________
    3. ____________________________________________________________________
    4. ____________________________________________________________________
    5. ____________________________________________________________________
  3. What three empires did Daniel predict by name or description that would succeed the Babylonian empire 60 to 560 years later than Daniel wrote?
    1. ____________________________________________________________________
    2. ____________________________________________________________________
    3. ____________________________________________________________________
  4. How many Old Testament predictions for Jesus Christ does McDowell list in “Evidences that Demand a Verdict?” _____________________________________________________________
  5. What four names does Isaiah 9:6 ascribe to the coming Messiah that only Jesus Christ has fulfilled.
    1. ____________________________________________________________________
    2. ____________________________________________________________________
    3. ____________________________________________________________________
    4. ____________________________________________________________________
  6. Give two examples of the Bible’s impartial truth. How does this characteristic make it superior to the ancient histories of other nations? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

TABLE 8-A

Old Testament Predictions of Messiah Fulfilled in the New Testament Prophecy

 

PROPHECY FULFILLMENT

 

1.      CHRIST’S NATURE

  1. Eternity (Micah 5:2; Isaiah 9:6-7)
  2. Deity (Psalm. 110:1 45:6•, Isaiah 9:6)
  3. Son of God (Psalms 2: 7)
  4. Son ofMan (Genesis 3:15; 12:3; 22:18)
  5. Human Suffering (Isaiah 53; Psalm. 22)
  6. Father and Creator (Isaiah 9:6-7)

2.      CHRIST’S BIRTH

  1. Genealogy

(1)         Seed of Woman (Genesis 3:15)

(2)         Seed of Abraham (Genesis 22: 18)

(3)         Star from Jacob (Numbers 14: 17)

(4)         Ruler of Judah (Genesis 49: 10)

(5)         Root of Jesse (Isaiah 1 1: 1)

(6)         Seed of David (Psalms 89:3)

  1. Place of Birth (Micah 5:2)
  2. Time ofBirth (Daniel 2:44; 9:25)
  3. Manner of birth: of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14)

3.      CHRIST’S YOUTH

  1. Departure from Egypt (Hosea 1 1 : 1)
  2. Massacre of the innocents (Jeremiah 31 : 15)
  3. Humble and ignoble rearing (Isaiah 54:2)

4.      CHRIST’S FORERUNNER

  1. The voice in the wilderness (Isaiah 40:3)
  2. Christ’s messenger (Malachi )
  3. Elijah the prophet (Malachi 5:5)
  4. CHRIST’S ROLES
  5. Prophet, like Moses (Deuteronomy 18:18-19)
  6. Priest like Melchizedek (Psalm 110:4)
  7. King over the nations (Daniel 7:13-14)
  8. Shepherd (Ezekiel 34:23-25)
  9. Servant (Isaiah 42:1-4; 54: 11)
  10. Son of Man (Daniel 7:13-14)
  11.  Sacrifice (Isaiah 54:4-10)
  12. Counselor (Isaiah 9:6; 1 1 :2)
  13.  Judge (Isaiah 11:3-4; Psalm 110:6)
  14.  Redeemer (Isaiah 59:16-20)

6.      CHRIST’S LIFE AND MINISTRY

  1. Anointed by Holy Spirit (Isaiah 61:1 )
  2. His miracles (Isaiah 42:7)
  3. His preaching.
  4. In Galilee (Isaiah 9:1, 2)
  5. To the poor and sinful (Isaiah 61:1-3)
  6. In parables (Psalm 78:2)
  7. In wisdom and knowledge (Isaiah 11:2)
  8. With the Spirit of God (Isaiah 11 :2)
  9. His covenant with Gentiles (Isaiah 42:6)
  10. His sinless life (Isaiah 53:9, 11)

John 1:1-3; Colossians 1:16-17

John 1:1-3; Colossians 2:9

Matthew 3-17; 16:16

Isaiah 1 1: 1; Matthew 16:13 1 Peter 2:21-24

John 1:1-3; Colossians 1:16

Galatians 4:4

Matthew

Luke 3:23, 34

Luke 3:23, 33 Luke 3:23, 32

Luke 3:23, 31

Matthew 2:1-8

Mark 1:15; Luke 2:1-3

Matthew 1.•18-25

Matthew 2.•13-15

Matthew 2: 16

Matthew 22:23

Matthew 3: 1-3

Matthew 11:9-11

Matthew 17:10-13

Acts 3:21-23

Hebrews 6:20; 7:14-16

Mark 9:1-7; Revelation 17:14

John 10:11-30

Mark 10:24

Matthew 16:13-16

John 1:29; Hebrews 9:26

Matthew 1 1:28-30

John 5:22, 30

Matthew 1:23; 20:28

Luke 3:21-22; 4:16-21

Matthew 1 1:4-6

Mark 1:14-15

Matthew 4:12-21

Luke 4:18; 7:21-50

Matthew 13:35

Matthew 12:42; John 7:46

Matthew 12:28

Matthew 28: 18-20

1 Peter 2:22-23

 

7.      CHRIST’S REJECTION

 

  1. Forsaken by his own. Isaiah 53:2-3
  2. Stumbling block to leaders (Psalm 118:22; Isaiah 8:14; 28: 16)
  3. Praised by children (Psalms 8:2)
  4. Betrayed by a friend (Psalms 41 :9)
  5. Sold for 30 silver pieces (Zechariah 11:12)
  6. Enters Jerusalem on donkey (Zechariah 9:9)
  7. Thrown into Temple (Zechariah 11 :13)
  8. Money buys potter’s field (Zechariah 1 1 :13)
  9. Forsaken by disciples (Zechariah 13: 7)
  10. Accused by false witnesses (Psalms 35:11)
  11. Silent before his accusers (Isaiah 53: 7)
  12. Whipped and bruised (Isaiah 53:5)
  13. Mocked (Isaiah 50:6. Psalms 22:7, 8)

 

8.      CHRIST’S DEATH

 

  1. Pierced hands & feet (Psalms 22:16)
  2. His side pierced (Zechariah 12:10)
  3. Stared upon (Psalms 22:17)
  4. Garments divided (Psalms 22:18)
  5. One garment taken by lot (Psalms 22: 18)
  6.   Suffered thirst (Psalms 22:15; 69:21)
  7. Gall & vinegar for drink (Psalms 69:21 )
  8. Forsaken by God (Isaiah 53:4; Psalms 22: 1)
  9. Shaking heads (Psalms 22•.7; 109:25)
  10. Spirit committed to God (Psalms 31 :5)
  11. Bones not broken (Psalms 34:20)
  12. Vicarious death (Isaiah 53:5, 12)
  13. Justifying death (Isaiah 53: 1 1, 12)
  14. Intercession in his death (Isaiah 53: 12)
  15. Death with wicked (Isaiah 53:9; 57:60)

9.      CHRIST’S RESURRECTION

  1. Soul not left in Hades (Psalms 16: 10)
  2. Body not to undergo decay (Psalms 1 6 : 9, 10)
  3. Resurrection on third day (Hosea 6:2)

10.    CHRIST’S ASCENSION

  1. Ascension to heaven (Psalms 68: 1 8)
  2. Seated at God’s right hand (Psalm 1 10: 1)
  3. Christ’s reign (Psalm. 1 10:1-3)
  4. His reign over Gentiles (Isaiah 49:6)
  5. Gifts to (or, of) men (Psalms 68: 18)
  6. Final victory over death (final resurrection)

(Psalms 110:1; Isaiah 25:6-9)

John 1:11-12

Luke 19:28-38

Matthew 21 : 15-16 Luke 19:28-38

Matthew 21 : 15-16 John

Matthew 26:14-15 Mark 14:50

Matthew 26:59-62 Matthew 26:63

Matthew 27:26

Matthew 27:27-32

Luke 23:20-33

John 19:33-34

Matthew 27:32-44 John 19:23

John 19:24 John 19:28

Matthew 27 :34

Matthew 27:45-46

Matthew 27 :39 Luke 23:46

John 19:33, 36 1 Peter 2:24-25

Romans 5: 18,19

Hebrews 7:25; Luke 23:24

Matthew 27:57-60 Matthew 27:26

Matthew 27:27-32

Acts 2:24-32

Acts 2:24-32 1 Corinthians 15:4

Acts 1:9-11

Hebrews 1:3

1 Corinthians 15:25-27

Matthew 28: 18-20

Ephesians 4:8-10

1 Corinthians 15:25-27

1 Corinthians 15:50-57

 

 

 

 

[i] Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis  (born Semmelweis Ignác Fülöp; 1 July 1818 – 13 August 1865) was a Hungarian physician of German extraction now known as an early pioneer of antiseptic procedures. Described as the “savior of mothers”, Semmelweis discovered that the incidence of puerperal fever (also known as “childbed fever”) could be drastically cut using hand disinfection in obstetrical clinics. Puerperal fever was common in mid-19th-century hospitals and often fatal, with mortality at 10%–35%. Semmelweis proposed the practice of washing hands with chlorinated lime solutions in 1847 while working in Vienna General Hospital’s First Obstetrical Clinic, where doctors’ wards had three times the mortality of midwives’ wards.  He published a book of his findings in Etiology, Concept and Prophylaxis of Childbed Fever. Despite various publications of results where hand washing reduced mortality to below 1%, Semmelweis’s observations conflicted with the established scientific and medical opinions of the time and his ideas were rejected by the medical community. Semmelweis could offer no acceptable scientific explanation for his findings, and some doctors were offended at the suggestion that they should wash their hands. Semmelweis’s practice earned widespread acceptance only years after his death, when Louis Pasteur confirmed the germ theory and Joseph Lister, acting on the French microbiologist’s research, practiced and operated, using hygienic methods, with great success. In 1865, Semmelweis was committed to an asylum, where he died at age 47 of pyaemia, after being beaten by the guards, only 14 days after he was committed from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ignaz_Semmelweis

[ii] None of These Diseases, Ibid., p 20-21.

[iii] Josh McDowell, Evidence that Demands a Verdict, p. 307.

[iv] Josh McDowell, Evidence that Demands a Verdict, p. 307.

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